Spoke to my father again and he is as optimistic, thankful and strong as he looks and sounds in this message to America !!!
閻紀宇 2020-10-02 13:14 https://www.storm.mg/article/3079207
川普2日在推特上表示：「今晚，第一夫人與我的新冠病毒結果檢測呈陽性，我們將立刻展開隔離與康復的過程，我們會共同渡過難關！」白宮「御醫」康利（Sean P. Conley）透露，目前川普與梅蘭妮亞（Melania Trump）身體狀況都還不錯，可以繼續履行職責。川普在公開場合幾乎從來不戴口罩，也不在乎保持社交距離，如今染病，並不令人意外。
川普的親信希克斯（Hope Hicks）1日確診新冠肺炎，並出現嚴重症狀。川普曾長時間、近距離與希克斯接觸，兩人本周還共乘「空軍一號」（Air Force One）與「陸戰隊一號」（Marine One），可能因此遭到感染。川普與梅蘭妮亞確診之後，外界憂心「白宮疫情」恐怕會持續擴大，殃及更多華府政要。
川普9月29日才與民主黨籍對手、前副總統拜登（Joe Biden）同台辯論逾90分鐘，當時兩人近距離接觸，但各方仍擔心拜登是否會遭池魚之殃。美國近代總統選舉有所謂的「十月驚奇」（October Surprise），亦即11月初投票日之前發生足以影響選情的重大事件。今年，「十月驚奇」竟是由肉眼不可見的病毒引發。
2020-10-02 鍾定璋 https://www.edh.tw/article/25503
川普稍早接受福斯新聞（Fox News）節目訪問時，證實貼身幕僚希克斯（Hope Hicks）確診，還說他與妻子剛做完篩檢，正等待結果。
當時在節目裡說：「她的確篩檢呈陽性。她工作努力，也經常戴口罩。我也剛做完篩檢，就等結果，我們很常接觸。第一夫人剛也做了篩檢。我們再看看要怎麼做，誰知道呢？」 川普並非第一個確診COVID-19的世界領袖，先前英國首相強生（Boris Johnson）、巴西總統波索納洛（Jair Bolsonaro）均曾確診，強生還一度住進醫院。強生與波索納洛均已痊癒。
編輯：王德蓉 2020-10-02 14:28 https://www.ctwant.com/article/76317
美國總統川普才剛結束首場總統大選辯論會，沒想到她的貼身幕僚希克斯（Hope Hicks）確診新冠肺炎；隨後川普經過檢驗，證實與妻子梅蘭妮亞雙雙確診，即刻隔離，白宮醫師康利（Sean Conley）也公布了確診證明。
US administration faces complaints it failed to trace potential contacts of Donald Trump and his infected aides
Tue 6 Oct 2020 13.36 BST
The growing coronavirus cluster linked to Donald Trump is sending ripples of intense anxiety among staff, journalists and officials who spend much of their time in the White House and into the wider city of Washington DC itself.
The West Wing has reportedly turned into a “ghost town” amid complaints that the White House has failed to trace potential contacts of Trump and his infected aides, with many now working from home even as the president exhorted Americans “not to be afraid of Covid”.
That has left behind a skeleton staff of about 100 butlers, ushers, cleaners, custodians and maintenance workers, who are often older and drawn from groups at higher risk of developing severe symptoms of the virus, including a butler’s corp that has historically almost exclusively been black.
Members of the Secret Service, who protect the president, have also been thrown into the spotlight with some present and former members complaining anonymously they felt Trump had put service members at risk when they accompanied him on a controversial “drive-by” stunt outside the Walter Reed hospital.
A still contagious Trump returned to the White House on Monday and defiantly took off his mask on entering the building as complaints grew inside over the lack of precautions taken by the president and his entourage.
Journalists exposed to staffers who tested positive, and even residents in apartment blocks where infected staff members have gone to isolate, have also complained about a lack of information.
Many staff say privately they only learned about positive tests from media reports and several were exposed, without their knowledge, to people the White House already knew could be contagious. It took until late Sunday night, nearly three full days after Trump’s diagnosis, for the White House management office to send a staff-wide note to say those with symptoms should “please stay home and do not come to work”.
Reports from within the White House paint a picture of workers spooked by a lack of information over when and how certain officials became infected, with many blaming the White House chief of staff, Mark Meadows, for the information vacuum.
Others have pointed to the fact that Trump and his medical team have refused to disclose when the president received his last negative test, making it impossible for many to know if they had contact with him in a period when he was potentially contagious.
Kate Andersen Brower, who wrote the The Residence: Inside the Private World of the White House, said she recently spoke with three former employees who had expressed concern about the health of current workers, but had been too afraid to speak publicly.
The White House now has two coronavirus patients being treated on site – the president and first lady – within a cluster that some have pointed out includes more cases than all of New Zealand.
The focus of concern moved to White House residence staff, many of whom have served for decades and are famed for their discretion, after complaints emerged on Sunday over the apparent indifference of Trump to the health of Secret Service members who accompanied him on his drive-by to thank supporters.
Several who spoke with the Associated Press expressed concern over the cavalier attitude the White House had taken when it came to masks and distancing. Colleagues, they said, were angry, but felt there was little they could do.
One, speaking after the White House press secretary, Kayleigh McEnany, tested positive on Monday, said it felt like he and some of his colleagues had been spared only by a measure of good luck.
Anxiety is also being driven by the feeling among White House employees that there are only limited efforts to trace contacts of Trump and other infected staff members while information is not being shared on who has had a positive test.
The White House medical unit, which has about 30 staff, is headed by Trump’s personnel physician, Dr Sean Conley, who has attracted criticism for his vague and sometimes evasive public statements on the president’s health.
According to the New York Times, quoting an unidentified official, the White House had decided not to trace the contacts of guests and staff members who were at the Rose Garden celebration 10 days ago for Trump’s supreme court nominee, Amy Coney Barrett, where at least eight people, including the president, may have become infected.
Instead, the source told the paper the efforts had been limited to notifying people who came into close contact with Trump in the two days before his Covid diagnosis on Thursday evening.
“This is a total abdication of responsibility by the Trump administration,” Dr Joshua Barocas, a public health expert at Boston University, told the paper. “The idea that we’re not involving the Centers for Disease Control to do contact tracing at this point seems like a massive public health threat.”
While Trump will reportedly work from the White House Map Room, rather than the Oval Office, interacting only with staff in personnel protective equipment, the long-time refusal by president and many in his family and inner circle to routinely wear masks and abide by social distancing rules has prompted scepticism over the arrangements.
The White House spokesman Judd Deere said the administration was taking every precaution necessary to protect not just the first family but every staff member working on the complex, consistent with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines and best practices.
Agencies contributed to this report
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康威2日晚間透過推特宣布確診新冠肺炎，出現輕微咳嗽，「但目前感覺良好，在通報醫師後，現已展開隔離程序」。康威26日曾出席在白宮玫瑰花園舉辦的大法官巴瑞特（Amy Coney Barrett）提名儀式，當時就坐在現已確診的第一夫人梅蘭妮亞後方，女兒克勞迪亞（Claudia Conway）早在此前於TikTok上傳，康威在家裡到處狂咳嗽的影片。
32歲的白宮女發言人麥肯內妮5日發出聲明表示，已於上午確診，但並沒有任何徵狀，將開始自主隔離。根據美國ABC新聞，白宮新聞辦公室的另外4名成員，包含吉爾馬丁（Chad Gilmartin）、萊維特（Karoline Leavitt）以及德魯蒙德（Jalen Drummond）也被驗出確診。
共和黨全國委員會（RNC）主席麥丹尼爾（ Ronna McDaniel）
▼白宮玫瑰花園26日舉辦的大法官巴瑞特（Amy Coney Barrett）提名儀式被外界認為是群聚感染大會。
It was only last week that we learned that Donald and Melania Trump had tested positive for the novel coronavirus. Since then, the president has been admitted to hospital and a growing number of senior government officials and aides have themselves tested positive.
As it now stands, there are a number of important questions that remain unanswered. How these questions are resolved could hold the key to understanding how much damage the virus will do to this president - to his health, his reputation and his political standing.
This is now THE burning question, after doctors on Monday again batted it away.
It's a simple one to answer, or at least it should be. The reason it's important is that by not answering it, there's a suggestion that the official story may not be accurate.
The official line from the White House is that the president began to feel ill on Thursday evening, tested positive and then announced his results in that late-night tweet.
Knowing the exact timeline, including when he was tested and what their results have been, would help lend clarity to the question of whether there was ever any effort by the White House or the president himself to conceal his condition.
The silence could mean he wasn't getting tested as regularly as he should have been, or it could mean there was a positive test earlier than we thought.
Further complicating matters, on Saturday White House physician Sean Conley said that the president's diagnosis came "72 hours ago" - which would have been Wednesday, before the president's Minnesota rally that night and that Thursday trip.
The White House subsequently issued a statement saying the physician "misspoke" and meant that the president was in his "third day" with the disease.
Medical experts think the speed at which Trump's health deteriorated on Friday - just hours after his reported diagnoses - could indicate that the president may have contracted the virus much earlier.
The White House and medical team have been equally opaque about the exact nature of Mr Trump's condition.
On Friday, we were told the president's symptoms were "mild". Since then, we have learned that on Friday he was running a "high" fever and had sufficient difficulty breathing that he required supplemental oxygen.
On Saturday, Dr Conley told reporters that the president was doing "very well" and the medical team was "very happy" with the progress he was making. Immediately after, Chief of Staff Mark Meadows told reporters the president's vitals had been "very concerning" and he was "not on a clear path to a full recovery".
On Sunday, Conley attempted to explain that stark discrepancy, saying "I didn't want to give any information that might steer the course of illness in another direction" - a strange phrase, given that the illness will run its course regardless of the medical team's public statements.
There have been other unusual items that suggest the medical team is being less than forthcoming about the president's health.
For instance, on Sunday Conley said the president, in addition to taking an antiviral cocktail, had been given dexamethasone - a steroid usually prescribed for "severe and critical" Covid-19 cases. He said the president had again experienced a dip in blood-oxygen levels on Saturday, but would not say exactly how low they got.
The president, because of his age and medical history, is in a higher-risk group for complications from the novel coronavirus. It would not be surprising if his physicians outlined an aggressive treatment for the nation's leader, but a shifting set of facts and explanations could undermine the trust the public has in their statements.
Meanwhile, the vice-president, who is next in line for the presidency if something were to happen to Trump, has so far declined to go into quarantine despite the possibility that he had been exposed to the virus, as well.
Mr Pence and his wife Karen received negative results on Sunday - their third negative test this week. The incubation period of the virus can be up to 14 days, however, so the test still does not guarantee the vice-president is not infected.
For months Trump had tempted fate by making numerous public appearances and downplaying the need to wear a mask, and the odds finally caught up. Pence's plan to continue campaigning this week suggest that lessons seemingly learned the hard way may not have been learned at all.
Trump campaign senior adviser Jason Miller said on Sunday that Pence is "going to have a very full aggressive schedule as will the first family". In the NBC News "Meet The Press" interview he insisted that he had "no concerns at all" about it.
The past nine months have shown that the virus works on its own schedule and it is often at its most dangerous when people - individuals, society, government - let down their guard.
Last Saturday's announcement ceremony for Trump's Supreme Court nominee, Amy Coney Barrett, was a prime example. Held in the Rose Garden and followed by an indoor reception, the occasion is being investigated as a possible super-spreader event.
Video shows attendees speaking and hugging while not wearing masks. Besides the president and first lady, at least five other attendees, seated in the front rows close to Vice-President Pence, have subsequently tested positive.
On Sunday, Monday and Tuesday of last week, the president held lengthy meetings indoors to prepare for his Tuesday debate with former Vice-President Joe Biden. Four members of those meetings - the president, campaign manager Bill Stepien, former New Jersey Governor Chris Christie and adviser Hope Hicks - have tested positive. (Former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani and advisers Stephen Miller and Jason Miller are negative so far.)
Despite these episodes of repeated exposure for the president and his senior aides, however, the administration has seemed lackadaisical about conducting a thorough contact-tracing programme.
According to the Washington Post, many of the individuals who attended events with the president over the last week, have yet to be contacted by the government health officials. White House employees themselves have not received clear instructions about whether to self-isolate and what their own exposure may have been.
As each day goes by, more senior government officials - in the administration and Congress - are reporting positive tests for the novel coronavirus. Washington's corridors of power have become only the latest hotspot in a nation where more than 209,000 have died from the Covid-19.
There are guidelines and processes for identifying exposure and controlling the spread. If the government is following them, it has not been forthcoming about its efforts.
President Donald Trump's coronavirus diagnosis came after a busy week running his administration and campaigning for November's election.
The president announced that he and his wife and his wife, Melania has tested positive for Covid-19, in a tweet sent on Friday at around 01:00 local time (05:00 GMT).
This followed a positive test for his close aide, Hope Hicks, who reportedly started feeling symptoms on Wednesday.
Since the president's diagnosis, several people close to him have tested positive too, including his press secretary.
So far the majority of publicly released results have been negative. However, test accuracy can vary depending on when a sample is taken during the course of the illness. One taken very soon after exposure may not give an accurate result.
The White House says it has begun contact-tracing. Here's a look at some of the people we know Mr Trump has crossed paths with during the last week - starting with an event that is being investigated as a possible "super-spreader":
President Trump announced his Supreme Court pick, Judge Amy Coney Barrett, in front of a crowd of about 200 people on the White House lawn.
Judge Coney Barrett said on Friday that she had tested negative. Sources told US media she had the virus earlier this year.
Along with Mr Trump and his wife, at least seven other people who attended the Rose Garden event say they have tested positive - although it's not known where they caught the virus.
They are: White House Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany; former White House counsellor Kellyanne Conway; Senator Mike Lee of Utah and Senator Thom Tillis of North Carolina, who are both on the judiciary committee; the president of the University of Notre Dame, John Jenkins; and former New Jersey Governor Chris Christie, who said he checked himself into a hospital on Saturday as a precaution.
The White House Correspondents' Association said an unnamed reporter at the event had also tested positive with symptoms.
During the evening, President Trump held a rally at Harrisburg International Airport in Middletown, Pennsylvania.
Since the afternoon's ceremony, Judge Coney Barrett has held meetings with various senators - including Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell - ahead of her much-anticipated confirmation hearing, due to take place on 12 October.
The president played golf at his club in Potomac Falls, Virginia, in the morning and led a White House reception for the families of military veterans during the evening.
On Monday, President Trump held a news briefing in the White House Rose Garden - giving an update on his administration's coronavirus testing strategy.
It was attended by Vice-President Mike Pence, Health Secretary Alex Azar, Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, and the chief executive of Abbott Laboratories, Robert Ford, among others.
Later, Trump viewed a model of a new pickup truck - being built at a factory in Ohio - on the White House lawn. Representatives from the company, Lordstown Motors, attended, as well as two members of Congress.
The White House regularly tests officials who come in contact with the president. However, US media has noted that mask-wearing and social distancing around him is less common - suggesting that people may be too reliant on the testing system, which is not foolproof.
The president faced his election rival, Joe Biden, at their first face-to-face debate in Cleveland, Ohio on Tuesday evening.
President Trump flew there on his presidential plane, Air Force One, alongside his wife, adult children and multiple aides. Many were seen not wearing masks when boarding or disembarking.
Also on the plane were: White House Chief of staff Mark Meadows; campaign strategist Jason Miller; policy adviser Stephen Miller; Robert C O'Brien, the national security adviser who tested positive for the virus in July; and Ohio Congressman Jim Jordan.
After landing, the president's campaign manager, Bill Stepien, was spotted getting into a staff van with Ms Hicks, the New York Times reports. Late on Friday, it was announced that Mr Stepien had tested positive for Covid-19 and was experiencing mild flu-like symptoms.
The debate was held at Cleveland Clinic's Health Education Campus, a shared facility with Case Western Reserve University.
The organisers, the Commission on Presidential Debates, brought in numerous Covid-era safety precautions. There were no handshakes between the two candidates and everyone attending - including the 80 or so audience members - was tested before the event and asked to wear masks throughout.
In the run-up, Mr Trump's eldest daughter, Ivanka, posted a picture of herself backstage in a mask, alongside her sister Tiffany, sister-in-law Lara and stepmother Melania.
However, during the event itself, Ivanka Trump and other family members, including siblings Don Jr and Eric, were pictured mask-less. Moderator Chris Wallace has since told Fox News that they were offered masks by event staff but they refused them.
Observers said those on Mr Biden's side of the room kept their masks on.
Mr Trump and Mr Biden kept a distance during the debate, at podiums on opposite sides of the stage.
When the candidates were greeted by the wives on stage afterwards, Jill Biden wore a mask and Melania Trump didn't.
At a separate campaign event in Pennsylvania, Vice-President Mike Pence said he had been in the Oval Office with President Trump earlier that day. It is thought to be their last in-person meeting.
President Trump and much of his entourage flew back to Washington DC on Tuesday night.
The day after the debate, President Trump was straight back into campaign business, flying to Minnesota. Ms Hicks was among those accompanying him.
At a press conference on Saturday, the president's physician Dr Sean Conley said Mr Trump had been diagnosed 72 hours previously, which would place his diagnosis on Wednesday. But the White House later clarified that he was diagnosed on Thursday.
He attended a closed-door fundraiser at a private home in Minneapolis, and later held a rally at an airport in Duluth, in front of a crowd of thousands. Few wore masks but there was distance between them and the president.
Minnesota Congressman Kurt Daudt tweeted a picture of himself close to Mr Trump, with neither wearing masks.
On Wednesday evening, Mr Trump and various aides returned to Washington DC on Air Force One again.
Meanwhile Ms Hicks, who was feeling unwell, was isolated in a separate cabin, according to US media. She reportedly disembarked from the back of the plane, instead of the front alongside the other passengers.
The following day, Ms Hicks tested positive for coronavirus.
President Trump flew to his Bedminster golf resort in New Jersey for a private fundraiser. Several aides who were in proximity to Ms Hicks scrapped their plans to accompany the president, according to the Associated Press.
Kayleigh McEnany, the White House press secretary, is thought to have been in close contact with Ms Hicks. Ms McEnany held a briefing for reporters at the White House on Thursday, without mentioning her colleague's test and without wearing a mask. She has since said she did not know about the diagnosis.
That night, in pre-taped remarks to the annual Al Smith dinner in New York City - held virtually this year - Mr Trump said that "the end of the pandemic is in sight".
He later announced in an interview on Fox News that he and the first lady were being tested for the virus.
It is not known how many supporters he came into contact with in recent days, he but told Fox presenter Sean Hannity that people were always wanting to get close to him. "They want to hug you, and they want to kiss you," he said.
President Trump announced that he and Mrs Trump had tested positive, adding that they will begin the "quarantine and recovery process immediately".
Just before 11:00, his chief of staff, Mark Meadows, told reporters the president has "mild symptoms" but remains in "good spirits".
Mrs Trump tweeted to say she also had mild symptoms.
That day, several other people announce that they've tested positive: Kellyanne Conway, former White House counsellor; Bill Stepien, Mr Trump's campaign manager; Mike Lee, Utah senator; Thom Tillis, a senator for North Carolina; Ronna McDaniel, chairwoman of the Republican National Committee; Rev John Jenkins, president of Notre Dame University; and Senator Ron Johnson, head of the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee.
Meanwhile Joe Biden, the Democrats' presidential candidate, tests negative, as does: Jill Biden, his wife; Vice President Mike Pence and his wife Karen Pence; Kamala Harris, the Democrats' vice-presidential candidate; Amy Coney Barrett, Supreme Court nominee; Mike Pompeo, secretary of state; Steve Mnuchin, treasury secretary; Alex Azar, secretary of health and human services; William Barr, attorney general; Ivanka Trump and Donald Trump Jr, the president's daughter and son; and Jared Kushner, the president's son-in-law.
Former New Jersey governor Chris Christie and Nicholas Luna, a White House presidential aide, both test positive.
Mr Trump waved to well-wishers from behind the glass of a sealed car after tweeting that he would pay a "surprise visit" to "patriots" outside the hospital.
Inside the car, at least two people could be seen wearing protective gear in the front seats, with Mr Trump sat in the back.
There were concerns that the president who wore a mask, may have endangered others inside the car. But White House spokesperson Judd Deere said the trip had been "cleared by the medical team as safe".
White House Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany announces on Twitter that she has tested positive.
國防部6日證實，海岸警衛隊副司令雷伊（Charles Ray）感染新冠病毒，國防部正加強追蹤密切接觸者，部門內多名消息人士同時透露，參謀長聯席會議主席米利（Mark Milley）等多名軍方高層，身為密切接觸者正在隔離。
海岸警衛隊證實，雷伊上月27日曾往白宮，出席為陣亡官兵家眷而設的「金星母親」（Gold Star Mothers）紀念活動，米利當時也在場。據悉大會沒有要求參加者戴口罩及保持社交距離，而根據白宮提供的相片，總統特朗普與出席活動的賓客曾近距離互動。雷伊另外在本月2日到過五角大樓，最近也出席過多場活動，連日來接觸過的人，包括參謀長聯席會議多名成員。日前外訪的國防部長埃斯珀（Mark Esper）由於4日才回美，所以沒有被列為密切接觸者，也無需隔離。
國防部人員又透露，目前隔離的多名高層連日來曾多次見面，包括軍中俗稱「坦克」（The Tank）的參謀長聯席會議室。因此現在需在留家隔離的人，除了聯席會議主席米利之外，還包括副主席海登（John Hyten）、空軍參謀長布朗（Charles Brown）、太空司令部指揮官吉爾代（Michael Gilday）、陸軍參謀長麥康維爾（James McConville）、陸軍將領霍坎森（Daniel Hokanson），以及網戰司令部指揮官中曾根保羅（Paul Nakasone）。在參謀長聯席會議的成員中，海軍陸戰隊司令伯格（David Berger）由於正在外遊，所以是唯一無需隔離的人，但連日來代他開會的副手湯馬士（Gary Thomas）也被列為密切接觸者。
WASHINGTON - Top U.S. military leaders, including Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Mark Milley, are self-quarantining after contact with U.S. Coast Guard Vice Commandant Adm. Charles Ray, who has tested positive for coronavirus.
Pentagon officials have confirmed to VOA that Milley, Vice Chairman Gen. John Hyten, and several other top military officers who attended meetings with Ray in the Pentagon’s secure “tank” last week tested negative for the virus early Tuesday and have experienced no COVID-19 symptoms as of Tuesday afternoon.
“Out of an abundance of caution, all potential close contacts from these meetings are self-quarantining,” Chief Pentagon spokesman Jonathan Hoffman said in a statement issued by his office. “No Pentagon contacts have exhibited symptoms, and we have no additional positive tests to report at this time.”
In addition to Milley and Hyten, Ray attended meetings with four military service chiefs — Army Chief of Staff Gen. James McConville; Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Mike Gilday; Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Charles "C.Q." Brown; and Chief of Space Operations Gen. John "Jay" Raymond — along with Marine Corps Assistant Commandant Gen. Gary Thomas, according to senior defense officials.
National Guard Bureau Chief Gen. Daniel Hokanson, Cyber Command Chief Gen. Paul Nakasone and various lower ranking members of the Joint Staff were also in meetings with Ray.
It is unclear how Ray, who received a positive test result on Monday after experiencing mild symptoms over the weekend, was exposed to the coronavirus, according to officials.
A defense official told VOA the leaders were quarantining in order to comply with Defense Department guidelines established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Milley, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper and other senior defense officials have been tested frequently since September 27, when they attended a White House reception for Gold Star families of fallen troops. Both President Donald Trump and first lady Melania Trump were at that event and tested positive for coronavirus later in the week.
Esper, who was on a trip to visit North African allies at the time of Trump’s diagnosis, tested negative for coronavirus on Monday, Wednesday and Friday of last week, according to Hoffman.
The US commander-in-chief has COVID-19 and the top military brass are isolating as the coronavirus pandemic takes a toll on the national security establishment of the country.
As COVID-19 breached the walls of the Pentagon, the Defense Department was quick to stress on Tuesday that there had been "no change to the operational readiness or mission capability of the US Armed Forces."
President Donald Trump, custodian of the nuclear codes, tested positive for the novel coronavirus last week and was hospitalized for three days, returning to the White House on Monday.
No sooner had Trump returned to work than the Pentagon announced that members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, including General Mark Milley, the chairman, were self-quarantining.
They all tested negative for COVID-19 but would isolate after coming into contact during meetings last week with the vice commandant of the Coast Guard, Admiral Charles Ray, who tested positive for the coronavirus.
The list of those who attended meetings with May read like a Who's Who of the US military's top brass.
Besides Milley, they included General John Hyten, Joint Chiefs vice chairman, Admiral Michael Gilday, chief of naval operations, General James McConville, army chief of staff, and General Charles Brown, air force chief of staff, a Pentagon official said.
Also attending meetings with May were General Daniel Hokanson, head of the National Guard, General John Raymond, chief of the Space Force, and General Paul Nakasone, the director of the National Security Agency and head of US Cyber Command, the official said.
"All have been tested with no positive results to report and none are exhibiting any symptoms," the official said.
'Abundance of caution'
Pentagon spokesman Jonathan Hoffman said those who had come into contact with May would self-quarantine "out of an abundance of caution."
"We are conducting additional contact tracing and taking appropriate precautions to protect the force and the mission," Hoffman said. "Senior military leaders are able to remain fully mission capable and perform their duties from an alternative work location."
The Coast Guard said Ray tested positive on Monday after experiencing mild symptoms and was quarantining at home.
Defense Secretary Mark Esper was on a foreign trip last week and was not among the Pentagon officials who are going into isolation.
Esper took part in a conference on the future of the US Navy on Tuesday but did not make any comments about the quarantine situation at the Pentagon.
OCTOBER 8, 2020 6:27 AM EDT
The President stood triumphant on the White House balcony, having persuaded his doctors to submit to his will. He had spent his days at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center pushing them to let him out, medical advice be damned. Donald Trump tore off his mask and seemed to gasp for breath, but he would not be deterred from delivering his message.
“Don’t let it dominate; don’t let it take over your lives,” he said, biting off each word. No one must think the virus had defeated him.
His supporters reveled in his return. A Congressman crowed that Trump had beaten the virus just like he beat the Russia investigation and the Democrats’ impeachment. His press secretary–who announced her own case of COVID-19 earlier that day–hailed his ability to “stand strongly on the balcony!” A Senator tweeted a doctored video showing Trump at a wrestling match, punching a man with a coronavirus sphere for a head. The Republicans understand the way Trump likes to be praised; even facing a crisis with life-or-death stakes, they sensed what he wanted was not words of sympathy or compassion, but to be told he had kicked ass. A $100 “Trump Defeats COVID” souvenir coin was soon available for preorder from an unaffiliated White House gift shop. It wasn’t clear that Trump has weathered the disease as well as he claimed. His doctors have given scant information and sidestepped questions about how long he might have had the virus. Medical experts questioned his hasty discharge, pointing out he’d been administered treatments normally reserved for serious cases. Trump had gone to the hospital grudgingly, then announced on Twitter he would be released in order to force the issue, according to two White House officials. “People look up to the President for answers,” says Chuck Hagel, the former Republican Senator and Defense Secretary, “and he supplies them with falsehoods that put their lives at risk.”
A President obsessed with strength and dominance could never stand to be revealed as a sick, vulnerable old man, a mortal made of flesh like the rest of us, ashes to ashes. There could never be a Wizard of Oz moment for Donald J. Trump, with his might-makes-right brand of politics. In recent weeks, he has bullied the Congress, his political opponent and the very machinery of democracy itself, all while mocking health precautions, practically daring the virus to infect him. He would sacrifice those around him, the country and even potentially his own health–anything it took not to appear weak.
When the President sneezes, America gets a cold. When the President gets COVID-19, America, too, must contemplate its frailty. His pathologies are our pathologies. Trump, like COVID, has scrambled our sense of national identity, with effects that will linger beyond Nov. 3. What have these past four years done to us–and what will it take to recover? Will we be humbled by weakness, or plunge forward in a state of dangerous denial?
One thing was clear as the President stood there: Trump had made his choice. (“He was huffing and puffing on the balcony like an American Mussolini,” said his disillusioned former communications director Anthony Scaramucci.) Let the losers carp about masks and viral loads. He will stand unbowed, a winner to the very end. He will not be saved from himself.
Many things are possible to the man who sees no obstacles; this is the strongman’s appeal, and it has been Trump’s MO for as long as anyone can remember. Other Presidents might have hesitated to ram a Supreme Court nomination through the Senate on the eve of an election and in the face of public opposition. Supreme Court confirmations normally take months, and many Republicans had previously argued that voters should have a say in such matters in an election year. The Senate still had yet to get around to debating legislation to boost the COVID-ravaged economy. Trump, man of action, ignored these quibbles.
The nominee, federal judge Amy Coney Barrett, was presented to the public on Saturday, Sept. 26, the day after Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg lay in state at the Capitol. In the sun-drenched White House Rose Garden, more than 100 mostly maskless guests hugged and chatted before taking their seats on tightly packed folding chairs. Afterward, they mingled at receptions indoors.
This is the way things have been at the White House since the beginning of the pandemic. To acknowledge or accommodate the virus was a weakness that invited ridicule. Trump grimaced when he saw aides wearing masks; he would say he couldn’t hear or understand masked officials when they spoke, current and former aides tell TIME. When Deputy National Security Adviser Matt Pottinger told colleagues he wore a face covering to protect a family member with a respiratory condition, he was informed it was “freaking people out” and he should stop doing so around the President.
On Sept. 29, Trump traveled to Cleveland to participate in the first general-election debate, pausing on the South Lawn to raise a fist at the cheering supporters gathered to see him off. After being seated in a Cleveland Clinic auditorium for the 90-minute debate, several members of the Trump family and Administration removed their masks in violation of the clinic’s rules, and rebuffed a clinic staffer who tried to offer them new ones. The candidates themselves were supposed to have been tested by their campaigns, but it’s unclear if Trump was.
The debate was a mess: Trump hectored and interrupted so relentlessly that the proceedings devolved into chaos. Invited to condemn a white-supremacist group, Trump instead told them to “stand by.” He refused to commit to accepting election results, insisting mail-in ballots would lead to a “rigged” result. He ridiculed Joe Biden’s mask wearing and charged that the Democrat was only holding small, socially distanced events “because nobody will show up.” Biden and moderator Chris Wallace both seemed dazed by the President’s aggression. And that was the point.
The day after, Trump traveled to Minnesota for a rally and indoor fundraiser. His longtime aide Hope Hicks felt ill, and sat apart from other passengers on Air Force One on the ride home. Undaunted, Trump went to his New Jersey golf club for a maskless, partially indoor fundraiser the following day. “The end of the pandemic is in sight,” he said in an address to a charity banquet. That night, Bloomberg News revealed Hicks had tested positive for COVID-19.
Although nobody admitted it until later, by that point Trump had already taken a rapid coronavirus test that returns results within 15 minutes–and tested positive. He called in to Sean Hannity’s Fox News show that night as he waited for the results of a more reliable PCR test, saying nothing about the initial positive result. Just before 1 a.m. on Friday, Oct. 2, Trump announced his and the First Lady’s diagnoses on Twitter.
More and more people who’d been around Trump began testing positive. A dozen guests at the Rose Garden event would announce they’d contracted the virus, including two Republican Senators, Trump confidants Kellyanne Conway and Chris Christie, and three members of the White House press office. By Oct. 6, the tally had grown to include another Senator, the chairwoman of the Republican National Committee, White House adviser Stephen Miller, Trump campaign manager Bill Stepien and a Coast Guard admiral who’d attended a reception in honor of military families.
Trump grew sick rapidly and was airlifted to the hospital the same day he announced his diagnosis. He was “fairly adamant that he didn’t need” the oxygen he was administered, said his physician, Navy Commander Sean Conley. Over the weekend, the White House released posed photos and videos of Trump attempting to look vigorous and focused on work while he received a combination of treatments normally reserved for severe COVID-19 cases and medical-trial subjects. The White House refused to say when Trump had last tested negative, and did not fully trace his contacts or cooperate with local public-health officials in the places the President had traveled. Conley offered vague, rosy descriptions of Trump’s condition. The American people might wish to know whether their President was gravely ill, but that would have to take a backseat to Trump’s insistence on playacting invulnerability.
All the while, the President is fighting for his political survival, and there, too, the news is not good, despite his protestations. In what is likely his last political campaign, he trails Biden steadily in the polls, by margins that seem to be widening. Trump has been unpopular since the day he took office, but it took his diagnosis and the ensuing chaos to make his mesmerized party register the political danger. “Even when the polls were ugly, he felt invincible to a lot of people,” says GOP lobbyist Liam Donovan. “Now they’re starting to come to grips with the fact that there’s no more time to turn things around. Reality is cracking the force field.”
For more than two years, Sarah Longwell, a “Never Trump” Republican operative, has been conducting focus groups with women in swing states who voted for Trump in 2016 but think he is doing a bad job as President. They are blue collar and white collar, young and old; most live in conservative communities. Since the pandemic hit, Longwell says, many of these women have stopped defending Trump. His bullying manner resonates with hardcore fans, but these women are put off by it–repulsed by his refusal to commit to a peaceful transfer of power, a Supreme Court push they see as hypocritical, his demeanor in the debate and online. Liberal women on Twitter often compare Trump to an abusive ex-husband, but these women “don’t see his behavior as threatening–they see it as dumb,” Longwell says. In the days after Trump’s diagnosis, national polls showed Biden expanding his lead to double digits, powered by a yawning gender gap. A CNN poll showed Trump winning male voters by 2 points but losing women by 34.
There are now more coronavirus cases connected to the White House outbreak than New Zealand has reported for the past week. The Rose Garden presentation of the President’s political Hail Mary–the court nominee who would galvanize women and conservatives and make everyone forget the virus–may have had the opposite effect. Trump himself is the single greatest source of false information about the election and COVID-19, according to separate studies by Cornell and Harvard. He is our national superspreader: of disinformation, of fear and division, of pure exhaustion.
But to Trump, science is just another biased Deep State lie, another loser to be bullied into submission. He could have done the responsible thing, but his ideology is strength. It is too soon to write the epitaph of the Trump presidency, but one day we may look back and see this as his ultimate weakness.
—With reporting by Abigail Abrams, Alana Abramson, Brian Bennett, Vera Bergengruen, Mariah Espada, W.J. Hennigan, Abby Vesoulis, Lissandra Villa and Julia Zorthian
Buy a print of TIME’s ‘Patient Zero’ cover here
2020-10-11 09:46 聯合報 / 編譯田思怡／即時報導
身為海軍指揮官的康利在白宮發布的備忘錄中說，檢驗結果顯示，已無證據顯示川普體內還有病毒「活躍複製」（actively replicating virus）。他表示，川普已符合美國疾病防治中心（CDC）的中止隔離安全標準，根據「目前承認的標準」，他已不再具有傳染他人的風險。這番聲明形同為川普恢復造勢活動鋪路，但並未表明川普的病毒檢測結果是否呈陰性。
09:532020/10/11 中時新聞網 吳映璠
綜合美國《國會山莊報》（The Hill）、路透社報導，白宮昨日公開川普御醫康利（Sean Conley）針對川普最新身體狀況的備忘錄，指出川普「已經不具備新冠病毒傳染風險」。
川普還說要提出「更好的」健保計畫，但未多加說明，同時指責刑法體制問題，試圖以此拉攏黑人選民。川普9月26日在白宮玫瑰花園（Rose Garden）舉行準大法官巴雷特（Amy Coney Barrett）提名儀式後，而包括川普有至少7名與會者之後確診，被媒體稱為「超級傳播事件」（superspreader event）。
The president delivered a truncated stump speech from the White House balcony to supporters packed below.
10/10/2020 03:27 PM EDT https://www.politico.com/news/2020/10/10/trump-white-house-speech-coronavirus-428516
President Donald Trump on Saturday made his first public appearance since returning from a three-day hospitalization due to coronavirus, addressing hundreds of Black and Latino supporters crowded together on the White House lawn.
“First of all, I'm feeling great. I don't know about you,” Trump told the estimated audience of 500 who, despite wearing masks, were packed together below the Truman Balcony where he spoke. According to a person familiar with the event, more than 2,000 guests had been invited.
Trump kept his comments to the cheering crowd shorter than usual, speaking for less than 17 minutes a day after going for nearly two hours on a talk radio show. The event, billed by the White House as a “peaceful protest” for law and order, was organized by right-wing activist Candace Owens and her group Blexit.
The relatively brief speech touched on all of the main points of Trump’s stump speech — despite the White House insisting it was an official event rather than a political one — with Trump attacking Democrats, running through the latest polling data and recapping his first debate with Democratic nominee Joe Biden and this week’s vice presidential debate.
The speech was tailored slightly to include an emphasis on criminal justice issues, and Trump’s plans to boost Black Americans.
But otherwise, the president mounted his usual attacks against mail-in voting, lauded his administration’s coronavirus response and again teased a “much better” health care plan that he has yet to release.
The event on the South Lawn on Saturday was the first since Trump gathered dozens in the Rose Garden two weeks ago to announce his choice of Judge Amy Coney Barrett for the vacancy on the Supreme Court.
Though it’s unclear where Trump contracted coronavirus, at least eight people who attended the announcement have since tested positive, leading the nation’s top infectious diseases expert to decry it as a “super spreader” event. Since the announcement, more White House aides, Trump’s reelection campaign manager and members of the White House press corps also tested positive.
For Trump’s speech on Saturday, guests were only screened for Covid-19 with a temperature check and “brief questionnaire" — but not a test.
At the same time, critical details of Trump’s health remain shrouded in mystery.
His doctors and the White House have declined to reveal when the president’s last negative test was before announcing his diagnosis early last Friday. They have similarly refused to say whether Trump has received a negative test since then, leaving open the possibility that Trump is still contagious, or whether Trump suffered any lung damage as a result of his bout with the respiratory disease.
Even as those questions remain, Trump is set to resume traveling for the campaign, announcing rallies on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday this week as Election Day draws nearer.
In his speech on Saturday Trump appeared healthy, delivering his remarks without coughing or sounding winded. Close-ups of the president taken by press photographers showed bandaging on his right hand, potentially at the spot of insertion of an IV.
After about a quarter of an hour, Trump bid the crowd farewell with a plea for them to get out and vote, thanking them and sending them off with an “I love you” before turning and heading back into the White House without putting his mask back on.
Covid-19 has created a crisis throughout the world. This crisis has produced a test of leadership. With no good options to combat a novel pathogen, countries were forced to make hard choices about how to respond. Here in the United States, our leaders have failed that test. They have taken a crisis and turned it into a tragedy.
The magnitude of this failure is astonishing. According to the Johns Hopkins Center for Systems Science and Engineering,1 the United States leads the world in Covid-19 cases and in deaths due to the disease, far exceeding the numbers in much larger countries, such as China. The death rate in this country is more than double that of Canada, exceeds that of Japan, a country with a vulnerable and elderly population, by a factor of almost 50, and even dwarfs the rates in lower-middle-income countries, such as Vietnam, by a factor of almost 2000. Covid-19 is an overwhelming challenge, and many factors contribute to its severity. But the one we can control is how we behave. And in the United States we have consistently behaved poorly.
We know that we could have done better. China, faced with the first outbreak, chose strict quarantine and isolation after an initial delay. These measures were severe but effective, essentially eliminating transmission at the point where the outbreak began and reducing the death rate to a reported 3 per million, as compared with more than 500 per million in the United States. Countries that had far more exchange with China, such as Singapore and South Korea, began intensive testing early, along with aggressive contact tracing and appropriate isolation, and have had relatively small outbreaks. And New Zealand has used these same measures, together with its geographic advantages, to come close to eliminating the disease, something that has allowed that country to limit the time of closure and to largely reopen society to a prepandemic level. In general, not only have many democracies done better than the United States, but they have also outperformed us by orders of magnitude.
Why has the United States handled this pandemic so badly? We have failed at almost every step. We had ample warning, but when the disease first arrived, we were incapable of testing effectively and couldn’t provide even the most basic personal protective equipment to health care workers and the general public. And we continue to be way behind the curve in testing. While the absolute numbers of tests have increased substantially, the more useful metric is the number of tests performed per infected person, a rate that puts us far down the international list, below such places as Kazakhstan, Zimbabwe, and Ethiopia, countries that cannot boast the biomedical infrastructure or the manufacturing capacity that we have.2 Moreover, a lack of emphasis on developing capacity has meant that U.S. test results are often long delayed, rendering the results useless for disease control.
Although we tend to focus on technology, most of the interventions that have large effects are not complicated. The United States instituted quarantine and isolation measures late and inconsistently, often without any effort to enforce them, after the disease had spread substantially in many communities. Our rules on social distancing have in many places been lackadaisical at best, with loosening of restrictions long before adequate disease control had been achieved. And in much of the country, people simply don’t wear masks, largely because our leaders have stated outright that masks are political tools rather than effective infection control measures. The government has appropriately invested heavily in vaccine development, but its rhetoric has politicized the development process and led to growing public distrust.
The United States came into this crisis with enormous advantages. Along with tremendous manufacturing capacity, we have a biomedical research system that is the envy of the world. We have enormous expertise in public health, health policy, and basic biology and have consistently been able to turn that expertise into new therapies and preventive measures. And much of that national expertise resides in government institutions. Yet our leaders have largely chosen to ignore and even denigrate experts.
The response of our nation’s leaders has been consistently inadequate. The federal government has largely abandoned disease control to the states. Governors have varied in their responses, not so much by party as by competence. But whatever their competence, governors do not have the tools that Washington controls. Instead of using those tools, the federal government has undermined them. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which was the world’s leading disease response organization, has been eviscerated and has suffered dramatic testing and policy failures. The National Institutes of Health have played a key role in vaccine development but have been excluded from much crucial government decision making. And the Food and Drug Administration has been shamefully politicized,3 appearing to respond to pressure from the administration rather than scientific evidence. Our current leaders have undercut trust in science and in government,4 causing damage that will certainly outlast them. Instead of relying on expertise, the administration has turned to uninformed “opinion leaders” and charlatans who obscure the truth and facilitate the promulgation of outright lies.
Let’s be clear about the cost of not taking even simple measures. An outbreak that has disproportionately affected communities of color has exacerbated the tensions associated with inequality. Many of our children are missing school at critical times in their social and intellectual development. The hard work of health care professionals, who have put their lives on the line, has not been used wisely. Our current leadership takes pride in the economy, but while most of the world has opened up to some extent, the United States still suffers from disease rates that have prevented many businesses from reopening, with a resultant loss of hundreds of billions of dollars and millions of jobs. And more than 200,000 Americans have died. Some deaths from Covid-19 were unavoidable. But, although it is impossible to project the precise number of additional American lives lost because of weak and inappropriate government policies, it is at least in the tens of thousands in a pandemic that has already killed more Americans than any conflict since World War II.
Anyone else who recklessly squandered lives and money in this way would be suffering legal consequences. Our leaders have largely claimed immunity for their actions. But this election gives us the power to render judgment. Reasonable people will certainly disagree about the many political positions taken by candidates. But truth is neither liberal nor conservative. When it comes to the response to the largest public health crisis of our time, our current political leaders have demonstrated that they are dangerously incompetent. We should not abet them and enable the deaths of thousands more Americans by allowing them to keep their jobs.
"They have taken a crisis and turned it into a tragedy."
The New England Journal of Medicine, one of the most prestigious medical journals, called the U.S. response to the pandemic an "astonishing" failure and called for leadership change in the upcoming presidential election, in a passionate editorial published on Thursday (Oct. 8).
"This crisis has produced a test of leadership," the editors of the journal wrote. "Here in the United States, our leaders have failed that test. They have taken a crisis and turned it into a tragedy." The U.S. has reported more COVID-19 cases and deaths than any other country since the start of the pandemic, with 7.5 million cases and 211,917 deaths, according to the Johns Hopkins COVID-19 dashboard.
The death rate in the U.S. is more than double that in Canada, almost 50 times that in Japan, a country that has a "vulnerable and elderly population," and almost 2,000 times that in lower middle-income countries such as Vietnam, according to the editorial.
Related: Coronavirus live updates
"Our current political leaders have demonstrated that they are dangerously incompetent," the editors wrote. "We should not abet them and enable the deaths of thousands more Americans by allowing them to keep their jobs." The U.S., a country that "came into this crisis with enormous advantages," from manufacturing capacity to a biomedical research infrastructure to incredible expertise in public health, health policy and biology, "failed at almost every step" of its pandemic response, trailing far behind other nations such as New Zealand, the authors wrote.
The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) has only published four editorials in the recent past that were signed by all of its editors, and has never before weighed in on political races, according to CNN. It is not a political journal "but the issue here is around fact, not around opinion," co-author Dr. Eric Rubin, editor-in-chief of NEJM told CNN. The editors did not specifically endorse a candidate, but they're not the first scientific organization to take a political stance against the Trump administration. In September, Scientific American published an editorial endorsing Former Vice President Joe Biden as a presidential candidate.
What went wrong
Though the U.S. had "ample warming," when the virus first arrived, testing was delayed and officials failed to provide even basic personal protective equipment to the general public or healthcare workers, the editors wrote. What's more, the U.S. was slow and inconsistent in putting quarantine and isolation measures in place and placed little effort in enforcing them, the editors wrote. Rules on social distancing in many places have been "lackadaisical at best" and leaders have made mask-wearing a political issue, the editors wrote.
The government "appropriately invested heavily" in vaccine development but "its rhetoric has politicized the development process and led to growing public distrust," the editors wrote. Now, nearly 50% of the public say they wouldn't get a COVID-19 vaccine if it were to be available today, according to the Pew Research Center.
U.S. leaders have chosen to ignore and criticize experts, and have rather turned to uninformed "opinion leaders" who "obscure the truth," the editors wrote. The federal government has largely left the disease response to governors, who don't have tools that the federal government has. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), once the world's leading disease response organization has been "eviscerated," The National Institutes of Health, who have played a key role in vaccine development, have been excluded from crucial government decision-making and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been "shamefully politicized," the editors wrote.
This failure of the U.S. response has "exacerbated the tensions associated with inequality," as communities of color have been disproportionately affected by the outbreak, children have missed the opportunity to go to school during "critical times" of their social and intellectual development, the hard work of healthcare professionals has been squandered and disease rates have prevented many businesses from reopening, they wrote.
"Anyone else who recklessly squandered lives and money in this way would be suffering legal consequences. Our leaders have largely claimed immunity for their actions," they wrote. "But this election gives us the power to render judgment. "
Originally published on Live Science.