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2020/10/03 US President Donald Trump works in a conference room while receiving treatment at the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland, on Saturday. Photo: EPA-EFE

Spoke to my father again and he is as optimistic, thankful and strong as he looks and sounds in this message to America !!!

https://twitter.com/IvankaTrump/status/1312590918915108866/photo/1

 

◆ 震驚!美國總統川普確診感染新冠肺炎,第一夫人梅蘭妮亞也遭殃!

閻紀宇 2020-10-02 13:14 https://www.storm.mg/article/3079207

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美國總統川普。(美聯社)

美國總統川普2日證實,他與第一夫人梅蘭妮亞已經感染新冠肺炎,消息一出全球震驚,美股三大指數期貨也暴跌。美國總統大選11月3日就要投票,尋求連任的川普陷入苦戰,染疫將為選情增添重大變數。接下來2場總統候選人電視辯論會原訂本月15日、22日登場,現在恐怕都要取消。

川普2日在推特上表示:「今晚,第一夫人與我的新冠病毒結果檢測呈陽性,我們將立刻展開隔離與康復的過程,我們會共同渡過難關!」白宮「御醫」康利(Sean P. Conley)透露,目前川普與梅蘭妮亞(Melania Trump)身體狀況都還不錯,可以繼續履行職責。川普在公開場合幾乎從來不戴口罩,也不在乎保持社交距離,如今染病,並不令人意外。

梅蘭妮亞則寫道:「與今年太多太多的美國家庭一樣,總統和我因為新冠病毒檢測呈陽性而在家隔離。我們目前感覺良好,我已暫時擱置所有預訂的行程。請各位務必保持平安,我們會共同渡過難關。」

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2020年10月2日,美國總統川普宣布他與第一夫人梅蘭妮亞確診新冠肺炎(AP)

可能是被女幕僚感染,74歲的川普屬高危險群

川普的親信希克斯(Hope Hicks)1日確診新冠肺炎,並出現嚴重症狀。川普曾長時間、近距離與希克斯接觸,兩人本周還共乘「空軍一號」(Air Force One)與「陸戰隊一號」(Marine One),可能因此遭到感染。川普與梅蘭妮亞確診之後,外界憂心「白宮疫情」恐怕會持續擴大,殃及更多華府政要。

雖然川普近年健檢記錄尚稱良好,但高齡(74歲)、肥胖(BMI約30.5)與性別(男性)等3個因素疊加,仍讓他屬於新冠肺炎的高危險群。如果川普也出現嚴重症狀,甚至無法視事,美國聯邦政府應如何運作、副總統彭斯(Mike Pence)是否代理總統,都是各方高度關注的問題。

川普9月29日才與民主黨籍對手、前副總統拜登(Joe Biden)同台辯論逾90分鐘,當時兩人近距離接觸,但各方仍擔心拜登是否會遭池魚之殃。美國近代總統選舉有所謂的「十月驚奇」(October Surprise),亦即11月初投票日之前發生足以影響選情的重大事件。今年,「十月驚奇」竟是由肉眼不可見的病毒引發。

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2020年10月1日,美國總統川普親信希克斯(Hope Hicks)確診新冠肺炎。(AP)

川普在公開場合往往不戴口罩、不遵循社交距離規範

川普本人在公開場合往往不戴口罩、不遵循社交距離規範,反對聯邦或地方政府強制要求民眾戴口罩,指稱某些人戴口罩是對他不滿的「政治表態」,甚至嘲笑政敵戴口罩是怯懦的表現。參加川普選戰造勢大會的工作人員與民眾也有樣學樣,很少戴口罩,讓公衛專家憂心忡忡。

美國迄今有將近728萬人確診感染新冠肺炎,其中21萬人不幸病亡,兩項數據都是全球之最,白宮幕僚與工作人員也有多人染疫。川普應對新冠疫情荒腔走板,導致美國出現1930年代「大蕭條」(Great Depression)以來最嚴重的經濟衰退,也成為他在總統選戰中最大的包袱,民調支持率長期落後拜登。

依據約翰霍普金斯大學(JHU)統計,10月1日,全美新增新冠肺炎確診病例4萬3752人,新增死亡病例857人。

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川普2月29日參加保守派年度大會師活動「保守派政治行動會議」,傳出參與民眾有人確診新冠肺炎。(美聯社)

對於川普與第一夫人染病,我外交部2日發推文表示慰問與祝福。

 

◆ 川普確診新冠肺炎,妻子也染疫!緊急隔離中,白宮醫師曝光最新消息

2020-10-02 鍾定璋 https://www.edh.tw/article/25503

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川普與妻子梅蘭妮亞雙雙確診。(圖/達志/美聯社)

【早安健康/新聞中心鍾定璋】美國總統川普表示,他與妻子梅蘭妮亞(Melania Trump)的新型冠狀病毒驗出陽性反應。

川普推文寫道:「今晚,第一夫人與我被驗出2019冠狀病毒疾病(COVID-19)陽性。我們會即刻展開隔離與復原療程。我們會一起度過這個難關!」

川普稍早接受福斯新聞(Fox News)節目訪問時,證實貼身幕僚希克斯(Hope Hicks)確診,還說他與妻子剛做完篩檢,正等待結果。

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當時在節目裡說:「她的確篩檢呈陽性。她工作努力,也經常戴口罩。我也剛做完篩檢,就等結果,我們很常接觸。第一夫人剛也做了篩檢。我們再看看要怎麼做,誰知道呢?」 川普並非第一個確診COVID-19的世界領袖,先前英國首相強生(Boris Johnson)、巴西總統波索納洛(Jair Bolsonaro)均曾確診,強生還一度住進醫院。強生與波索納洛均已痊癒。

川普夫妻雙雙確診新型冠狀病毒,讓這波數月來的全球疫情,在美國總統大選進入倒數階段時邁入新的發展。梅蘭妮亞也在推文寫道:「就像今年許多美國人經歷的一樣,總統和我接受COVID-19篩檢呈陽性反應後,正在家隔離。我們感覺很好,我也推遲了所有短期內的活動。請一定要保持安全,我們會一起度過難關。」

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◆ 川普夫妻染疫...確診證明公布了!白宮醫師親揭2人狀況

編輯:王德蓉 2020-10-02 14:28 https://www.ctwant.com/article/76317

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川普與妻子梅蘭妮亞雙雙確診。(圖/達志/美聯社)

美國總統川普才剛結束首場總統大選辯論會,沒想到她的貼身幕僚希克斯(Hope Hicks)確診新冠肺炎;隨後川普經過檢驗,證實與妻子梅蘭妮亞雙雙確診,即刻隔離,白宮醫師康利(Sean Conley)也公布了確診證明。

川普1日受訪時證實他的貼身幕僚希克斯(Hope Hicks)確診新冠肺炎,由於他與希克斯近期頻繁一同出席各大場合,2人相處時間很長,因此他和夫人也進行了新冠肺炎檢測;2日凌晨,川普在推特發文寫下,「經過檢驗後,我的新冠肺炎檢測結果為陽性,我們將立即開始隔離,並且做一系列治療,恢復健康,我們將共同度過難關。」

隨後,白宮醫師康利也公布了川普與妻子梅蘭妮的確診證明,「總統與其夫人目前狀況都很好,他們會待在家裡休養,而白宮的醫療團隊與我都將會持續密切觀察,同時也要感謝國內最好的醫學專家及機構提供的協助;最後請各位放心,總統能在治療期間繼續進行他的職務,未來若有最新狀況會再一併對外說明。」

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Memorandum from the President’s Physician October 01 ,2020

 

◆ President Trump spoke to the nation about his coronavirus treatment says he is, 'Doing well'

 

◆ Trump says next couple of days the 'real test' @BBC News LIVE on iPlayer 🔴 - BBC

 

◆ President Trump Returns To White House, Takes Off Mask For Photos | NBC News

◆ Trump Removes Mask After Returning To White House From Walter Reed | NBC News

◆ Don’t let the coronavirus dominate your life!

◆ White House likened to 'ghost town' as anxiety over coronavirus cluster grows

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/oct/06/white-house-likened-to-ghost-town-as-anxiety-over-coronavirus-cluster-grows

US administration faces complaints it failed to trace potential contacts of Donald Trump and his infected aides

  • Coronavirus – latest updates
  • See all our coronavirus coverage
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    A member of the White House cleaning staff sprays the press briefing room after Donald Trump’s return from hospital on Monday. Photograph: Erin Scott/Reuters

    Peter Beaumont

    Tue 6 Oct 2020 13.36 BST

    The growing coronavirus cluster linked to Donald Trump is sending ripples of intense anxiety among staff, journalists and officials who spend much of their time in the White House and into the wider city of Washington DC itself.

    The West Wing has reportedly turned into a “ghost town” amid complaints that the White House has failed to trace potential contacts of Trump and his infected aides, with many now working from home even as the president exhorted Americans “not to be afraid of Covid”.

    That has left behind a skeleton staff of about 100 butlers, ushers, cleaners, custodians and maintenance workers, who are often older and drawn from groups at higher risk of developing severe symptoms of the virus, including a butler’s corp that has historically almost exclusively been black.

    Members of the Secret Service, who protect the president, have also been thrown into the spotlight with some present and former members complaining anonymously they felt Trump had put service members at risk when they accompanied him on a controversial “drive-by” stunt outside the Walter Reed hospital.

    A still contagious Trump returned to the White House on Monday and defiantly took off his mask on entering the building as complaints grew inside over the lack of precautions taken by the president and his entourage.

    Journalists exposed to staffers who tested positive, and even residents in apartment blocks where infected staff members have gone to isolate, have also complained about a lack of information.

    Many staff say privately they only learned about positive tests from media reports and several were exposed, without their knowledge, to people the White House already knew could be contagious. It took until late Sunday night, nearly three full days after Trump’s diagnosis, for the White House management office to send a staff-wide note to say those with symptoms should “please stay home and do not come to work”.

    Reports from within the White House paint a picture of workers spooked by a lack of information over when and how certain officials became infected, with many blaming the White House chief of staff, Mark Meadows, for the information vacuum.

    Others have pointed to the fact that Trump and his medical team have refused to disclose when the president received his last negative test, making it impossible for many to know if they had contact with him in a period when he was potentially contagious.

    Kate Andersen Brower, who wrote the The Residence: Inside the Private World of the White House, said she recently spoke with three former employees who had expressed concern about the health of current workers, but had been too afraid to speak publicly.

    The White House now has two coronavirus patients being treated on site – the president and first lady – within a cluster that some have pointed out includes more cases than all of New Zealand.

    The focus of concern moved to White House residence staff, many of whom have served for decades and are famed for their discretion, after complaints emerged on Sunday over the apparent indifference of Trump to the health of Secret Service members who accompanied him on his drive-by to thank supporters.

    Several who spoke with the Associated Press expressed concern over the cavalier attitude the White House had taken when it came to masks and distancing. Colleagues, they said, were angry, but felt there was little they could do.

    One, speaking after the White House press secretary, Kayleigh McEnany, tested positive on Monday, said it felt like he and some of his colleagues had been spared only by a measure of good luck.

    Anxiety is also being driven by the feeling among White House employees that there are only limited efforts to trace contacts of Trump and other infected staff members while information is not being shared on who has had a positive test.

    The White House medical unit, which has about 30 staff, is headed by Trump’s personnel physician, Dr Sean Conley, who has attracted criticism for his vague and sometimes evasive public statements on the president’s health.

    According to the New York Times, quoting an unidentified official, the White House had decided not to trace the contacts of guests and staff members who were at the Rose Garden celebration 10 days ago for Trump’s supreme court nominee, Amy Coney Barrett, where at least eight people, including the president, may have become infected.

    Instead, the source told the paper the efforts had been limited to notifying people who came into close contact with Trump in the two days before his Covid diagnosis on Thursday evening.

    “This is a total abdication of responsibility by the Trump administration,” Dr Joshua Barocas, a public health expert at Boston University, told the paper. “The idea that we’re not involving the Centers for Disease Control to do contact tracing at this point seems like a massive public health threat.”

    While Trump will reportedly work from the White House Map Room, rather than the Oval Office, interacting only with staff in personnel protective equipment, the long-time refusal by president and many in his family and inner circle to routinely wear masks and abide by social distancing rules has prompted scepticism over the arrangements.

    The White House spokesman Judd Deere said the administration was taking every precaution necessary to protect not just the first family but every staff member working on the complex, consistent with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines and best practices.

    Agencies contributed to this report

    Four more years of Donald Trump ...

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    ◆ 官方文件外流!白宮至少34人染新冠 確診名單曝光…恐再爆下一波

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    ▲美國總統川普已於5日晚間出院並返回白宮。(圖/達志影像/美聯社

    記者張寧倢/綜合報導 https://www.ettoday.net/news/20201008/1827360.htm

    美國新冠疫情持續嚴峻,包含總統川普在內的白宮「核心圈」人士相繼傳出確診消息,根據媒體於7日取得的聯邦緊急事務管理署(FEMA)內部資料顯示,目前白宮內部至少已有34人確診新冠肺炎,川普日前返回白宮時更在進入建築物前就脫下口罩,引發了增加工作人員的感染風險的憂慮。

    根據ABC報導,FEMA一份日期標示為7日的內部文件顯示,白宮內部目前有34名工作人員和其他接觸者遭到感染,與先前媒體報導的24人有大幅增加的趨勢,而且尚不清楚「其他接觸者」的詳細人數與身分。白宮戰略溝通部主任法拉(Alyssa Farah)表示,白宮正在「採取預防措施」遏制疫情蔓延,仍在白宮西翼工作的人「感覺很舒服」。

    白宮核心圈確診人士

    美國總統川普(Donald Trump)
    川普前一晚才剛在電視節目中宣布貼身顧問希克斯(Hope Hicks)的確診消息,隨後就於10月2日凌晨1時透過推特證實,他與夫人梅蘭妮亞雙雙確診新冠肺炎,即刻起開始進行隔離,表示「我們會一起度過難關的。」當日晚間,川普搭乘直升機前往華特里德國家軍事醫學中心隔離,並接受「抗體雞尾酒療法」與新冠肺炎實驗藥物瑞德西韋(remdesivir),已於6日回到白宮。

    第一夫人梅蘭妮亞(Melania Trump)
    現年50歲的川普妻子梅蘭妮亞在確診之後,在推特發文表示,「在呈現陽性反應之後,我正在家中隔離,一切感覺很良好,也推掉之後的行程,請大家確保自身健康安全,我們會一起度過難關。」

    貼身顧問希克斯(Hope Hicks)
    31歲的希克斯是川普最親密的顧問之一,也首位被證實感染新冠肺炎的白宮核心人物,她近期多次陪同川普出席行程,總統候選人首場辯論會前也被媒體拍到,走下空軍一號時未佩戴口罩,30日再度與川普一起參加造勢大會後即確診,並出現症狀。

    川普競選團隊總幹事史泰平(Bill Stepien)
    史泰平2日得知確診結果時,已出現輕度症狀,目前在家中處理公務,9月29日陪同川普參與首場辯論會時,與希克斯的座位相當接近,此前甚至與前白宮顧問康威一同參加辯論前的準備會議。

    前白宮顧問凱利安康威(Kellyanne Conway)
    康威2日晚間透過推特宣布確診新冠肺炎,出現輕微咳嗽,「但目前感覺良好,在通報醫師後,現已展開隔離程序」。康威26日曾出席在白宮玫瑰花園舉辦的大法官巴瑞特(Amy Coney Barrett)提名儀式,當時就坐在現已確診的第一夫人梅蘭妮亞後方,女兒克勞迪亞(Claudia Conway)早在此前於TikTok上傳,康威在家裡到處狂咳嗽的影片。

    前紐澤西州州長克利斯蒂(Chris Christie)
    前任州長、現職美國廣播公司ABC新聞撰稿人克利斯蒂也曾出席大法官提名儀式,並於3日表示,「我剛剛收到新冠病毒呈陽性反應的消息,雖然只有輕微症狀,但由於我有氣喘病史,將聽從醫師指示進行治療。」

    白宮發言人麥肯內妮(Kayleigh McEnany)
    32歲的白宮女發言人麥肯內妮5日發出聲明表示,已於上午確診,但並沒有任何徵狀,將開始自主隔離。根據美國ABC新聞,白宮新聞辦公室的另外4名成員,包含吉爾馬丁(Chad Gilmartin)、萊維特(Karoline Leavitt)以及德魯蒙德(Jalen Drummond)也被驗出確診。

    白宮高級顧問米勒(Stephen Miller)
    川普高級顧問米勒在6日聲明中表示,「過去5天以來直到昨天,我都在進行自主隔離和遠距工作。今天,我確診了COVID-19,正在隔離中。」米勒的妻子凱蒂(Katie Miller)為副總統發言人,她於5月曾確診過,當時彭斯的篩檢結果呈陰性。

    共和黨籍參議員麥克李(Mike Lee)
    麥克李2日表示,在經歷了「長期過敏症狀」後,新冠肺炎的檢測結果出現陽性反應,今後10天內將保持隔離狀態。

    共和黨籍參議員提力斯(Thom Tillis)
    北卡羅來納州參議員提力斯2日晚間宣布確診,「幸運的是,我沒有症狀。」據了解,他與另一位參議員麥克於26日曾出席新任大法官巴瑞特的提名儀式,並和巴瑞特有近距離談話。

    共和黨籍參議員強森(Ron Johnson)
    威斯康辛州參議員強森的團隊表示,65歲的強森於2日被檢驗出COVID-19陽性反應,在此前他曾接觸過一名確診者,但目前沒有出現任何症狀,將繼續隔離觀察。

    共和黨全國委員會(RNC)主席麥丹尼爾( Ronna McDaniel)
    共和黨全代會主席麥丹尼爾在她的一名家人確診後,於7日也被檢驗出感染新冠肺炎,但發言人表示,從3日起她就一直待在密西根的家中,並未外出。

    川普私人助理盧納(Nicholas Luna)
    據了解,4日傳出確診的盧納主要負責橢圓形辦公室的事務、安排總統行程,幾乎天天陪在川普身邊準備簡報、處理演說文本。盧納的妻子是川普女婿庫許納的助理,而庫許納日前的檢測結果為陰性。

    白宮軍事辦公室成員麥卡隆(Jayna McCarron)
    負責保護美國核按鈕手提箱「核足球」(Nuclear football)的麥卡隆5日傳出確診消息,此外一名川普的貼身隨從、現役美軍人員也於同日確診。據報導,「核足球」會由總統會隨身攜帶,由隨行的軍方助理提著,箱子內部有一本指導執行核武攻擊的指南,內有美國900枚核武的部署地點清單,另外還有無線電收發機、密碼驗證器。

    ▼白宮玫瑰花園26日舉辦的大法官巴瑞特(Amy Coney Barrett)提名儀式被外界認為是群聚感染大會。

     

    ◆ Why won't White House say when Trump had last test?

    It was only last week that we learned that Donald and Melania Trump had tested positive for the novel coronavirus. Since then, the president has been admitted to hospital and a growing number of senior government officials and aides have themselves tested positive.

    As it now stands, there are a number of important questions that remain unanswered. How these questions are resolved could hold the key to understanding how much damage the virus will do to this president - to his health, his reputation and his political standing.

    When did Trump last receive a negative test?

    This is now THE burning question, after doctors on Monday again batted it away.

    It's a simple one to answer, or at least it should be. The reason it's important is that by not answering it, there's a suggestion that the official story may not be accurate.

    The official line from the White House is that the president began to feel ill on Thursday evening, tested positive and then announced his results in that late-night tweet.

    Knowing the exact timeline, including when he was tested and what their results have been, would help lend clarity to the question of whether there was ever any effort by the White House or the president himself to conceal his condition.

    The silence could mean he wasn't getting tested as regularly as he should have been, or it could mean there was a positive test earlier than we thought.

    Further complicating matters, on Saturday White House physician Sean Conley said that the president's diagnosis came "72 hours ago" - which would have been Wednesday, before the president's Minnesota rally that night and that Thursday trip.

    The White House subsequently issued a statement saying the physician "misspoke" and meant that the president was in his "third day" with the disease.

    Medical experts think the speed at which Trump's health deteriorated on Friday - just hours after his reported diagnoses - could indicate that the president may have contracted the virus much earlier.

    Do we know all the facts about his health?

    The White House and medical team have been equally opaque about the exact nature of Mr Trump's condition.

    On Friday, we were told the president's symptoms were "mild". Since then, we have learned that on Friday he was running a "high" fever and had sufficient difficulty breathing that he required supplemental oxygen.

    On Saturday, Dr Conley told reporters that the president was doing "very well" and the medical team was "very happy" with the progress he was making. Immediately after, Chief of Staff Mark Meadows told reporters the president's vitals had been "very concerning" and he was "not on a clear path to a full recovery".

    On Sunday, Conley attempted to explain that stark discrepancy, saying "I didn't want to give any information that might steer the course of illness in another direction" - a strange phrase, given that the illness will run its course regardless of the medical team's public statements.

    There have been other unusual items that suggest the medical team is being less than forthcoming about the president's health.

    For instance, on Sunday Conley said the president, in addition to taking an antiviral cocktail, had been given dexamethasone - a steroid usually prescribed for "severe and critical" Covid-19 cases. He said the president had again experienced a dip in blood-oxygen levels on Saturday, but would not say exactly how low they got.

    The president, because of his age and medical history, is in a higher-risk group for complications from the novel coronavirus. It would not be surprising if his physicians outlined an aggressive treatment for the nation's leader, but a shifting set of facts and explanations could undermine the trust the public has in their statements.

    Should Mike Pence be isolating?

    Meanwhile, the vice-president, who is next in line for the presidency if something were to happen to Trump, has so far declined to go into quarantine despite the possibility that he had been exposed to the virus, as well.

    Mr Pence and his wife Karen received negative results on Sunday - their third negative test this week. The incubation period of the virus can be up to 14 days, however, so the test still does not guarantee the vice-president is not infected.

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    For months Trump had tempted fate by making numerous public appearances and downplaying the need to wear a mask, and the odds finally caught up. Pence's plan to continue campaigning this week suggest that lessons seemingly learned the hard way may not have been learned at all.

    Trump campaign senior adviser Jason Miller said on Sunday that Pence is "going to have a very full aggressive schedule as will the first family". In the NBC News "Meet The Press" interview he insisted that he had "no concerns at all" about it.

    Why have they been so slow to contact trace?

    The past nine months have shown that the virus works on its own schedule and it is often at its most dangerous when people - individuals, society, government - let down their guard.

    Last Saturday's announcement ceremony for Trump's Supreme Court nominee, Amy Coney Barrett, was a prime example. Held in the Rose Garden and followed by an indoor reception, the occasion is being investigated as a possible super-spreader event.

    Video shows attendees speaking and hugging while not wearing masks. Besides the president and first lady, at least five other attendees, seated in the front rows close to Vice-President Pence, have subsequently tested positive.

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    Those who have tested positive were sat in the first few rows of the packed event

    On Sunday, Monday and Tuesday of last week, the president held lengthy meetings indoors to prepare for his Tuesday debate with former Vice-President Joe Biden. Four members of those meetings - the president, campaign manager Bill Stepien, former New Jersey Governor Chris Christie and adviser Hope Hicks - have tested positive. (Former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani and advisers Stephen Miller and Jason Miller are negative so far.)

    Despite these episodes of repeated exposure for the president and his senior aides, however, the administration has seemed lackadaisical about conducting a thorough contact-tracing programme.

    According to the Washington Post, many of the individuals who attended events with the president over the last week, have yet to be contacted by the government health officials. White House employees themselves have not received clear instructions about whether to self-isolate and what their own exposure may have been.

    As each day goes by, more senior government officials - in the administration and Congress - are reporting positive tests for the novel coronavirus. Washington's corridors of power have become only the latest hotspot in a nation where more than 209,000 have died from the Covid-19.

    There are guidelines and processes for identifying exposure and controlling the spread. If the government is following them, it has not been forthcoming about its efforts.

     

    ◆ Trump's Covid contacts: Who has he met and who's tested positive?

    Related Topics

    https://www.bbc.com/news/election-us-2020-54386681

    President Donald Trump's coronavirus diagnosis came after a busy week running his administration and campaigning for November's election.

    The president announced that he and his wife and his wife, Melania has tested positive for Covid-19, in a tweet sent on Friday at around 01:00 local time (05:00 GMT).

    This followed a positive test for his close aide, Hope Hicks, who reportedly started feeling symptoms on Wednesday.

    Since the president's diagnosis, several people close to him have tested positive too, including his press secretary.

    So far the majority of publicly released results have been negative. However, test accuracy can vary depending on when a sample is taken during the course of the illness. One taken very soon after exposure may not give an accurate result.

    The White House says it has begun contact-tracing. Here's a look at some of the people we know Mr Trump has crossed paths with during the last week - starting with an event that is being investigated as a possible "super-spreader":

    Saturday, 26 September: The Supreme Court pick

    President Trump announced his Supreme Court pick, Judge Amy Coney Barrett, in front of a crowd of about 200 people on the White House lawn.

    Judge Coney Barrett said on Friday that she had tested negative. Sources told US media she had the virus earlier this year.

    Along with Mr Trump and his wife, at least seven other people who attended the Rose Garden event say they have tested positive - although it's not known where they caught the virus.

    They are: White House Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany; former White House counsellor Kellyanne Conway; Senator Mike Lee of Utah and Senator Thom Tillis of North Carolina, who are both on the judiciary committee; the president of the University of Notre Dame, John Jenkins; and former New Jersey Governor Chris Christie, who said he checked himself into a hospital on Saturday as a precaution.

    The White House Correspondents' Association said an unnamed reporter at the event had also tested positive with symptoms.

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    During the evening, President Trump held a rally at Harrisburg International Airport in Middletown, Pennsylvania.

    Since the afternoon's ceremony, Judge Coney Barrett has held meetings with various senators - including Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell - ahead of her much-anticipated confirmation hearing, due to take place on 12 October.

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    Those who have tested positive were sat in the first few rows of the packed event

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    白宮爆發群聚感染 大法官提名活動成溫床

    >Sunday, 27 September: Golf and a veterans' event

    The president played golf at his club in Potomac Falls, Virginia, in the morning and led a White House reception for the families of military veterans during the evening.

    Monday, 28 September: The Covid briefing

    On Monday, President Trump held a news briefing in the White House Rose Garden - giving an update on his administration's coronavirus testing strategy.

    It was attended by Vice-President Mike Pence, Health Secretary Alex Azar, Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, and the chief executive of Abbott Laboratories, Robert Ford, among others.

    Later, Trump viewed a model of a new pickup truck - being built at a factory in Ohio - on the White House lawn. Representatives from the company, Lordstown Motors, attended, as well as two members of Congress.

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    Those who have tested positive were sat in the first few rows of the packed event

    The White House regularly tests officials who come in contact with the president. However, US media has noted that mask-wearing and social distancing around him is less common - suggesting that people may be too reliant on the testing system, which is not foolproof.

    Tuesday, 29 September: Debate day

    The president faced his election rival, Joe Biden, at their first face-to-face debate in Cleveland, Ohio on Tuesday evening.

    President Trump flew there on his presidential plane, Air Force One, alongside his wife, adult children and multiple aides. Many were seen not wearing masks when boarding or disembarking.

    Also on the plane were: White House Chief of staff Mark Meadows; campaign strategist Jason Miller; policy adviser Stephen Miller; Robert C O'Brien, the national security adviser who tested positive for the virus in July; and Ohio Congressman Jim Jordan.

    After landing, the president's campaign manager, Bill Stepien, was spotted getting into a staff van with Ms Hicks, the New York Times reports. Late on Friday, it was announced that Mr Stepien had tested positive for Covid-19 and was experiencing mild flu-like symptoms.

    The debate was held at Cleveland Clinic's Health Education Campus, a shared facility with Case Western Reserve University.

    The organisers, the Commission on Presidential Debates, brought in numerous Covid-era safety precautions. There were no handshakes between the two candidates and everyone attending - including the 80 or so audience members - was tested before the event and asked to wear masks throughout.

    In the run-up, Mr Trump's eldest daughter, Ivanka, posted a picture of herself backstage in a mask, alongside her sister Tiffany, sister-in-law Lara and stepmother Melania.

    However, during the event itself, Ivanka Trump and other family members, including siblings Don Jr and Eric, were pictured mask-less. Moderator Chris Wallace has since told Fox News that they were offered masks by event staff but they refused them.

    Observers said those on Mr Biden's side of the room kept their masks on.

    Mr Trump and Mr Biden kept a distance during the debate, at podiums on opposite sides of the stage.

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    Mr Trump and Mr Biden loudly spoke over each other throughout the contentious debate

    When the candidates were greeted by the wives on stage afterwards, Jill Biden wore a mask and Melania Trump didn't.

    At a separate campaign event in Pennsylvania, Vice-President Mike Pence said he had been in the Oval Office with President Trump earlier that day. It is thought to be their last in-person meeting.

    President Trump and much of his entourage flew back to Washington DC on Tuesday night.

    Wednesday, 30 September: A fundraiser and a rally

    The day after the debate, President Trump was straight back into campaign business, flying to Minnesota. Ms Hicks was among those accompanying him.

    At a press conference on Saturday, the president's physician Dr Sean Conley said Mr Trump had been diagnosed 72 hours previously, which would place his diagnosis on Wednesday. But the White House later clarified that he was diagnosed on Thursday.

    He attended a closed-door fundraiser at a private home in Minneapolis, and later held a rally at an airport in Duluth, in front of a crowd of thousands. Few wore masks but there was distance between them and the president.

    Minnesota Congressman Kurt Daudt tweeted a picture of himself close to Mr Trump, with neither wearing masks.


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    The president's rally at Duluth airport

    On Wednesday evening, Mr Trump and various aides returned to Washington DC on Air Force One again.

    Meanwhile Ms Hicks, who was feeling unwell, was isolated in a separate cabin, according to US media. She reportedly disembarked from the back of the plane, instead of the front alongside the other passengers.

    Thursday, 1 October: More fundraising

    The following day, Ms Hicks tested positive for coronavirus.

    President Trump flew to his Bedminster golf resort in New Jersey for a private fundraiser. Several aides who were in proximity to Ms Hicks scrapped their plans to accompany the president, according to the Associated Press.

    Kayleigh McEnany, the White House press secretary, is thought to have been in close contact with Ms Hicks. Ms McEnany held a briefing for reporters at the White House on Thursday, without mentioning her colleague's test and without wearing a mask. She has since said she did not know about the diagnosis.

    That night, in pre-taped remarks to the annual Al Smith dinner in New York City - held virtually this year - Mr Trump said that "the end of the pandemic is in sight".

    He later announced in an interview on Fox News that he and the first lady were being tested for the virus.

    It is not known how many supporters he came into contact with in recent days, he but told Fox presenter Sean Hannity that people were always wanting to get close to him. "They want to hug you, and they want to kiss you," he said.

    Friday, 2 October: The announcement

    President Trump announced that he and Mrs Trump had tested positive, adding that they will begin the "quarantine and recovery process immediately".

    Just before 11:00, his chief of staff, Mark Meadows, told reporters the president has "mild symptoms" but remains in "good spirits".

    Mrs Trump tweeted to say she also had mild symptoms.

    That day, several other people announce that they've tested positive: Kellyanne Conway, former White House counsellor; Bill Stepien, Mr Trump's campaign manager; Mike Lee, Utah senator; Thom Tillis, a senator for North Carolina; Ronna McDaniel, chairwoman of the Republican National Committee; Rev John Jenkins, president of Notre Dame University; and Senator Ron Johnson, head of the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee.

    Meanwhile Joe Biden, the Democrats' presidential candidate, tests negative, as does: Jill Biden, his wife; Vice President Mike Pence and his wife Karen PenceKamala Harris, the Democrats' vice-presidential candidate; Amy Coney Barrett, Supreme Court nominee; Mike Pompeo, secretary of state; Steve Mnuchin, treasury secretary; Alex Azar, secretary of health and human services; William Barr, attorney general; Ivanka Trump and Donald Trump Jr, the president's daughter and son; and Jared Kushner, the president's son-in-law.

    Saturday, 3 October

    Former New Jersey governor Chris Christie and Nicholas Luna, a White House presidential aide, both test positive.

    Sunday, 4 October: Trump greets supporters

    Mr Trump waved to well-wishers from behind the glass of a sealed car after tweeting that he would pay a "surprise visit" to "patriots" outside the hospital.

    Inside the car, at least two people could be seen wearing protective gear in the front seats, with Mr Trump sat in the back.

    There were concerns that the president who wore a mask, may have endangered others inside the car. But White House spokesperson Judd Deere said the trip had been "cleared by the medical team as safe".

    Monday 5 October

    White House Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany announces on Twitter that she has tested positive.

     

    ◆ 海岸警衛隊副司令確診 美軍多名高層將領隔離

    2020年10月06日 22:32
    https://www.singtaousa.com/ny/455-美國/3072702-海岸警衛隊副司令確診+美軍多名高層將領隔離/

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    ▲五角大廈官員表示,在海岸警衛隊長雷伊上將(圖)確診新型冠狀病毒後,多名軍方領袖包括參謀長聯席會議主席米利等高級將領目前都自行隔離。 海岸防衛隊圖片

    本報訊

    國防部6日證實,海岸警衛隊副司令雷伊(Charles Ray)感染新冠病毒,國防部正加強追蹤密切接觸者,部門內多名消息人士同時透露,參謀長聯席會議主席米利(Mark Milley)等多名軍方高層,身為密切接觸者正在隔離。

    綜合CNN、NBC等報道,國防部發言人霍夫曼表示,雷伊上周曾與多名高級將領共同出席活動,包括參謀長聯席會議多名成員,目前所有密切接觸者已經自我隔離,並接受病毒測試,但暫時沒有病徵,亦未有人確診。霍夫曼續指,軍方不會為此改變候命狀態,亦不會調整執行任務的能力,此外五角大樓自4月起已執行疾病防控中心(CDC)的指引,進出人員需量要度體溫、維持社交距離並佩戴口罩,未來軍方將繼續實施有關措施。

    海岸警衛隊證實,雷伊上月27日曾往白宮,出席為陣亡官兵家眷而設的「金星母親」(Gold Star Mothers)紀念活動,米利當時也在場。據悉大會沒有要求參加者戴口罩及保持社交距離,而根據白宮提供的相片,總統特朗普與出席活動的賓客曾近距離互動。雷伊另外在本月2日到過五角大樓,最近也出席過多場活動,連日來接觸過的人,包括參謀長聯席會議多名成員。日前外訪的國防部長埃斯珀(Mark Esper)由於4日才回美,所以沒有被列為密切接觸者,也無需隔離。

    海岸警衛隊表示,根據CDC指引,警衛隊所有人員一旦成為密切接觸者,均需要自我隔離,因此按照相關政策,雷伊已在家中靜養。國防部人員則透露,米利作為特朗普的最高軍事顧問,在家中隔離期間仍會工作,講透過保密的通訊軟件與白宮合軍方保持聯繫。

    國防部人員又透露,目前隔離的多名高層連日來曾多次見面,包括軍中俗稱「坦克」(The Tank)的參謀長聯席會議室。因此現在需在留家隔離的人,除了聯席會議主席米利之外,還包括副主席海登(John Hyten)、空軍參謀長布朗(Charles Brown)、太空司令部指揮官吉爾代(Michael Gilday)、陸軍參謀長麥康維爾(James McConville)、陸軍將領霍坎森(Daniel Hokanson),以及網戰司令部指揮官中曾根保羅(Paul Nakasone)。在參謀長聯席會議的成員中,海軍陸戰隊司令伯格(David Berger)由於正在外遊,所以是唯一無需隔離的人,但連日來代他開會的副手湯馬士(Gary Thomas)也被列為密切接觸者。

    儘管國防部強調,隔離的將領可在家如常工作,但隨著特朗普本人以及更多白宮和軍方高層確診,外界擔心病毒會繼續傳播,甚至影響部隊運作和國家安全。

    以下為需隔離的軍官名單
    美軍參謀長聯席會議主席米利(Mark Milley)
    美軍參謀長聯席會議副主席海滕(John Hyten)
    美國海軍作戰部長吉爾代上將(Michael Gilday)
    陸軍參謀長麥康維爾上將(James McConville)
    空軍參謀長布朗上將(Charles Brown)
    海軍陸戰隊助理指揮官托馬斯(Gary Thomas)
    太空司令部總司令雷蒙德(John Raymond)
    國民警衛隊總司令霍坎森(Daniel Hokanson)
    美軍網路司令部司令中曾根(Paul Nakasone)

     

    ◆ Top US Military Leaders Quarantining After Coronavirus Exposure

    By Carla Babb
    Updated October 06, 2020 06:54 PM

    https://www.voanews.com/covid-19-pandemic/top-us-military-leaders-quarantining-after-coronavirus-exposure

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    FILE - The Pentagon is seen from an airplane over Washington, DC in this photo taken on Oct. 30, 2018.

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    The Joint Chiefs of Staff, including the commandant of the Coast Guard but minus the vice chairman, in January 2017.

    WASHINGTON - Top U.S. military leaders, including Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Mark Milley, are self-quarantining after contact with U.S. Coast Guard Vice Commandant Adm. Charles Ray, who has tested positive for coronavirus. 

    Pentagon officials have confirmed to VOA that Milley, Vice Chairman Gen. John Hyten, and several other top military officers who attended meetings with Ray in the Pentagon’s secure “tank” last week tested negative for the virus early Tuesday and have experienced no COVID-19 symptoms as of Tuesday afternoon.  

    “Out of an abundance of caution, all potential close contacts from these meetings are self-quarantining,” Chief Pentagon spokesman Jonathan Hoffman said in a statement issued by his office. “No Pentagon contacts have exhibited symptoms, and we have no additional positive tests to report at this time.” 

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    In addition to Milley and Hyten, Ray attended meetings with four military service chiefs — Army Chief of Staff Gen. James McConville; Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Mike Gilday; Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Charles "C.Q." Brown; and Chief of Space Operations Gen. John "Jay" Raymond — along with Marine Corps Assistant Commandant Gen. Gary Thomas, according to senior defense officials.  

    National Guard Bureau Chief Gen. Daniel Hokanson, Cyber Command Chief Gen. Paul Nakasone and various lower ranking members of the Joint Staff were also in meetings with Ray. 

    It is unclear how Ray, who received a positive test result on Monday after experiencing mild symptoms over the weekend, was exposed to the coronavirus, according to officials. 

    A defense official told VOA the leaders were quarantining in order to comply with Defense Department guidelines established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 

    Milley, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper and other senior defense officials have been tested frequently since September 27, when they attended a White House reception for Gold Star families of fallen troops. Both President Donald Trump and first lady Melania Trump were at that event and tested positive for coronavirus later in the week.  

    Esper, who was on a trip to visit North African allies at the time of Trump’s diagnosis, tested negative for coronavirus on Monday, Wednesday and Friday of last week, according to Hoffman. 

     

    ◆ After White House, COVID-19 breaches Pentagon

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    This combination of pictures created on October 6 shows Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen Mark Milley on Capitol Hill on February 26, 2020, in Washington, DC, US Air Force Gen John E. Hyten, on July 30, 2019, in Washington, DC, US Army Chief of Staff General James C McConville in Bangkok on September 9, 2019, and Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Michael Gilday on Capitol Hill on December 03, 2019, in Washington, DC.

    The US commander-in-chief has COVID-19 and the top military brass are isolating as the coronavirus pandemic takes a toll on the national security establishment of the country.

    As COVID-19 breached the walls of the Pentagon, the Defense Department was quick to stress on Tuesday that there had been "no change to the operational readiness or mission capability of the US Armed Forces."

    President Donald Trump, custodian of the nuclear codes, tested positive for the novel coronavirus last week and was hospitalized for three days, returning to the White House on Monday.

    No sooner had Trump returned to work than the Pentagon announced that members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, including General Mark Milley, the chairman, were self-quarantining.

    They all tested negative for COVID-19 but would isolate after coming into contact during meetings last week with the vice commandant of the Coast Guard, Admiral Charles Ray, who tested positive for the coronavirus.

    The list of those who attended meetings with May read like a Who's Who of the US military's top brass.

    Besides Milley, they included General John Hyten, Joint Chiefs vice chairman, Admiral Michael Gilday, chief of naval operations, General James McConville, army chief of staff, and General Charles Brown, air force chief of staff, a Pentagon official said.

    Also attending meetings with May were General Daniel Hokanson, head of the National Guard, General John Raymond, chief of the Space Force, and General Paul Nakasone, the director of the National Security Agency and head of US Cyber Command, the official said.

    "All have been tested with no positive results to report and none are exhibiting any symptoms," the official said.

    'Abundance of caution'

    Pentagon spokesman Jonathan Hoffman said those who had come into contact with May would self-quarantine "out of an abundance of caution."

    "We are conducting additional contact tracing and taking appropriate precautions to protect the force and the mission," Hoffman said. "Senior military leaders are able to remain fully mission capable and perform their duties from an alternative work location."

    The Coast Guard said Ray tested positive on Monday after experiencing mild symptoms and was quarantining at home.

    Defense Secretary Mark Esper was on a foreign trip last week and was not among the Pentagon officials who are going into isolation.

    Esper took part in a conference on the future of the US Navy on Tuesday but did not make any comments about the quarantine situation at the Pentagon.

     

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    TIME's new cover: Patient zero and the White House coronavirus outbreak

    ◆ Donald Trump's COVID-19 Diagnosis Is Forcing Him to Face His Personal—and Political—Vulnerability

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    President Trump stages a theatrical return to the White House on Oct. 5 after three days of hospitalization for COVID-19

    Donald Trump faces his personal and political vulnerability

    The President stood triumphant on the White House balcony, having persuaded his doctors to submit to his will. He had spent his days at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center pushing them to let him out, medical advice be damned. Donald Trump tore off his mask and seemed to gasp for breath, but he would not be deterred from delivering his message.

    “Don’t let it dominate; don’t let it take over your lives,” he said, biting off each word. No one must think the virus had defeated him.

    His supporters reveled in his return. A Congressman crowed that Trump had beaten the virus just like he beat the Russia investigation and the Democrats’ impeachment. His press secretary–who announced her own case of COVID-19 earlier that day–hailed his ability to “stand strongly on the balcony!” A Senator tweeted a doctored video showing Trump at a wrestling match, punching a man with a coronavirus sphere for a head. The Republicans understand the way Trump likes to be praised; even facing a crisis with life-or-death stakes, they sensed what he wanted was not words of sympathy or compassion, but to be told he had kicked ass. A $100 “Trump Defeats COVID” souvenir coin was soon available for preorder from an unaffiliated White House gift shop. It wasn’t clear that Trump has weathered the disease as well as he claimed. His doctors have given scant information and sidestepped questions about how long he might have had the virus. Medical experts questioned his hasty discharge, pointing out he’d been administered treatments normally reserved for serious cases. Trump had gone to the hospital grudgingly, then announced on Twitter he would be released in order to force the issue, according to two White House officials. “People look up to the President for answers,” says Chuck Hagel, the former Republican Senator and Defense Secretary, “and he supplies them with falsehoods that put their lives at risk.”

    A President obsessed with strength and dominance could never stand to be revealed as a sick, vulnerable old man, a mortal made of flesh like the rest of us, ashes to ashes. There could never be a Wizard of Oz moment for Donald J. Trump, with his might-makes-right brand of politics. In recent weeks, he has bullied the Congress, his political opponent and the very machinery of democracy itself, all while mocking health precautions, practically daring the virus to infect him. He would sacrifice those around him, the country and even potentially his own health–anything it took not to appear weak.

    When the President sneezes, America gets a cold. When the President gets COVID-19, America, too, must contemplate its frailty. His pathologies are our pathologies. Trump, like COVID, has scrambled our sense of national identity, with effects that will linger beyond Nov. 3. What have these past four years done to us–and what will it take to recover? Will we be humbled by weakness, or plunge forward in a state of dangerous denial?

    One thing was clear as the President stood there: Trump had made his choice. (“He was huffing and puffing on the balcony like an American Mussolini,” said his disillusioned former communications director Anthony Scaramucci.) Let the losers carp about masks and viral loads. He will stand unbowed, a winner to the very end. He will not be saved from himself.

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    Trump nominates Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court on Sept. 26; multiple attendees got COVID-19 Alex Brandon—AP

    Many things are possible to the man who sees no obstacles; this is the strongman’s appeal, and it has been Trump’s MO for as long as anyone can remember. Other Presidents might have hesitated to ram a Supreme Court nomination through the Senate on the eve of an election and in the face of public opposition. Supreme Court confirmations normally take months, and many Republicans had previously argued that voters should have a say in such matters in an election year. The Senate still had yet to get around to debating legislation to boost the COVID-ravaged economy. Trump, man of action, ignored these quibbles.

    The nominee, federal judge Amy Coney Barrett, was presented to the public on Saturday, Sept. 26, the day after Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg lay in state at the Capitol. In the sun-drenched White House Rose Garden, more than 100 mostly maskless guests hugged and chatted before taking their seats on tightly packed folding chairs. Afterward, they mingled at receptions indoors.

    This is the way things have been at the White House since the beginning of the pandemic. To acknowledge or accommodate the virus was a weakness that invited ridicule. Trump grimaced when he saw aides wearing masks; he would say he couldn’t hear or understand masked officials when they spoke, current and former aides tell TIME. When Deputy National Security Adviser Matt Pottinger told colleagues he wore a face covering to protect a family member with a respiratory condition, he was informed it was “freaking people out” and he should stop doing so around the President.

    On Sept. 29, Trump traveled to Cleveland to participate in the first general-election debate, pausing on the South Lawn to raise a fist at the cheering supporters gathered to see him off. After being seated in a Cleveland Clinic auditorium for the 90-minute debate, several members of the Trump family and Administration removed their masks in violation of the clinic’s rules, and rebuffed a clinic staffer who tried to offer them new ones. The candidates themselves were supposed to have been tested by their campaigns, but it’s unclear if Trump was.

    The debate was a mess: Trump hectored and interrupted so relentlessly that the proceedings devolved into chaos. Invited to condemn a white-supremacist group, Trump instead told them to “stand by.” He refused to commit to accepting election results, insisting mail-in ballots would lead to a “rigged” result. He ridiculed Joe Biden’s mask wearing and charged that the Democrat was only holding small, socially distanced events “because nobody will show up.” Biden and moderator Chris Wallace both seemed dazed by the President’s aggression. And that was the point.

    The day after, Trump traveled to Minnesota for a rally and indoor fundraiser. His longtime aide Hope Hicks felt ill, and sat apart from other passengers on Air Force One on the ride home. Undaunted, Trump went to his New Jersey golf club for a maskless, partially indoor fundraiser the following day. “The end of the pandemic is in sight,” he said in an address to a charity banquet. That night, Bloomberg News revealed Hicks had tested positive for COVID-19.

    Although nobody admitted it until later, by that point Trump had already taken a rapid coronavirus test that returns results within 15 minutes–and tested positive. He called in to Sean Hannity’s Fox News show that night as he waited for the results of a more reliable PCR test, saying nothing about the initial positive result. Just before 1 a.m. on Friday, Oct. 2, Trump announced his and the First Lady’s diagnoses on Twitter.

    More and more people who’d been around Trump began testing positive. A dozen guests at the Rose Garden event would announce they’d contracted the virus, including two Republican Senators, Trump confidants Kellyanne Conway and Chris Christie, and three members of the White House press office. By Oct. 6, the tally had grown to include another Senator, the chairwoman of the Republican National Committee, White House adviser Stephen Miller, Trump campaign manager Bill Stepien and a Coast Guard admiral who’d attended a reception in honor of military families.

    Trump grew sick rapidly and was airlifted to the hospital the same day he announced his diagnosis. He was “fairly adamant that he didn’t need” the oxygen he was administered, said his physician, Navy Commander Sean Conley. Over the weekend, the White House released posed photos and videos of Trump attempting to look vigorous and focused on work while he received a combination of treatments normally reserved for severe COVID-19 cases and medical-trial subjects. The White House refused to say when Trump had last tested negative, and did not fully trace his contacts or cooperate with local public-health officials in the places the President had traveled. Conley offered vague, rosy descriptions of Trump’s condition. The American people might wish to know whether their President was gravely ill, but that would have to take a backseat to Trump’s insistence on playacting invulnerability.

    All the while, the President is fighting for his political survival, and there, too, the news is not good, despite his protestations. In what is likely his last political campaign, he trails Biden steadily in the polls, by margins that seem to be widening. Trump has been unpopular since the day he took office, but it took his diagnosis and the ensuing chaos to make his mesmerized party register the political danger. “Even when the polls were ugly, he felt invincible to a lot of people,” says GOP lobbyist Liam Donovan. “Now they’re starting to come to grips with the fact that there’s no more time to turn things around. Reality is cracking the force field.”

    For more than two years, Sarah Longwell, a “Never Trump” Republican operative, has been conducting focus groups with women in swing states who voted for Trump in 2016 but think he is doing a bad job as President. They are blue collar and white collar, young and old; most live in conservative communities. Since the pandemic hit, Longwell says, many of these women have stopped defending Trump. His bullying manner resonates with hardcore fans, but these women are put off by it–repulsed by his refusal to commit to a peaceful transfer of power, a Supreme Court push they see as hypocritical, his demeanor in the debate and online. Liberal women on Twitter often compare Trump to an abusive ex-husband, but these women “don’t see his behavior as threatening–they see it as dumb,” Longwell says. In the days after Trump’s diagnosis, national polls showed Biden expanding his lead to double digits, powered by a yawning gender gap. A CNN poll showed Trump winning male voters by 2 points but losing women by 34.

    There are now more coronavirus cases connected to the White House outbreak than New Zealand has reported for the past week. The Rose Garden presentation of the President’s political Hail Mary–the court nominee who would galvanize women and conservatives and make everyone forget the virus–may have had the opposite effect. Trump himself is the single greatest source of false information about the election and COVID-19, according to separate studies by Cornell and Harvard. He is our national superspreader: of disinformation, of fear and division, of pure exhaustion.

    But to Trump, science is just another biased Deep State lie, another loser to be bullied into submission. He could have done the responsible thing, but his ideology is strength. It is too soon to write the epitaph of the Trump presidency, but one day we may look back and see this as his ultimate weakness.

    —With reporting by Abigail Abrams, Alana Abramson, Brian Bennett, Vera Bergengruen, Mariah Espada, W.J. Hennigan, Abby Vesoulis, Lissandra Villa and Julia Zorthian

    Buy a print of TIME’s ‘Patient Zero’ cover here

     

    ◆ 白宫醫師:川普不再有傳染新冠病毒的風險

    2020-10-11 09:46 聯合報 / 編譯田思怡/即時報導

    https://udn.com/news/story/121707/4926382?from=udn_ch2_menu_v2_main_index

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    川普10日在白宮陽台公開露面,向支持者發表談話。美聯社

    白宫醫師康利10日表示,川普總統不再有傳染新冠病毒的風險。

    康利在一份備忘錄上說,川普符合疾病管制與預防中心(CDC)規範的安全解除隔離標準,且以目前認可的標準,不再有傳染新冠病毒的風險。

    康利是在川普返回白宮後首度在白宮陽台公開露面之後發布此備忘錄。但備忘錄未說明川普的新冠病毒檢測是否為陰性。

     

    ◆ 川普除口罩矢言擊敗中國病毒 白宮醫師:總統受測證實已不會傳染他人

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    川普在白宮南草坪的陽台上,向群眾發表演說。他於演說前,脫下口罩。

    美國白宮醫生康利(Sean Conley)周六(10日)表示,總統川普當天接受了新冠病毒檢驗,結果顯示他已不再「對他人構成傳染風險」。川普當天稍早已恢復公開活動,從白宮陽台向台下的數百名支持者發表長約17分鐘的演說,過程未戴上口罩,令外界憂慮這場活動是否也會淪為疫情溫床。

    身為海軍指揮官的康利在白宮發布的備忘錄中說,檢驗結果顯示,已無證據顯示川普體內還有病毒「活躍複製」(actively replicating virus)。他表示,川普已符合美國疾病防治中心(CDC)的中止隔離安全標準,根據「目前承認的標準」,他已不再具有傳染他人的風險。這番聲明形同為川普恢復造勢活動鋪路,但並未表明川普的病毒檢測結果是否呈陰性。

    川普周六下午2時左右,在白宮南草坪的陽台上現身,脫下口罩後,開始向支持者發表演說,這是他1日感染武漢肺炎後的首次公開活動。

    川普以「法律與秩序」為主題,向台下支持者發表演說。他的氣色與興致看似不錯,台下支持者則大都有配戴口罩,且戴上「MAGA」(讓美國再次偉大)紅帽及穿著水藍色T恤,揮舞著手上的美國國旗。

    川普先感謝支持者在他住院期間為他禱告,並強調美國將會擊敗這種可怕的「中國病毒」(China virus)。他又說,自己已不再需要服藥,目前感覺十分良好。

    川普還提到,美國正在生產強力藥物與療法,疫苗會以創紀錄的速度迅速問世。他還指出,雖然疫情歐洲、加拿大等地有惡化趨勢,但病毒「將會消失,也正在消失中」。

    川普也花不少篇幅抨擊民主黨總統候選人拜登(Joe Biden)。他指控拜登背叛非裔及拉丁裔美國人,還批評民主黨在過去半世紀以來,把工作機會送給中國。

    演說期間,群眾多次以熱情歡呼聲,回應川普,許多支持者大聲呼喊:「再(執政)4年」、「我們愛你」等口號。據現場記者預估,台下群眾約有300至400人。

    由於川普本月1日才確診,部分人士擔心他仍具感染力,川普舉辦這場活動的決定,飽受左派媒體抨擊。川普周一(12日)還將到關鍵搖擺州佛州的桑福德(Sanford),舉辦大型造勢集會。

    根據美國疾病防治中心(CDC)準則,武漢肺炎確診病患須符合3個條件才可接近人群,分別是:首次出現症狀是超過10天前、在沒有服用退燒藥物下已24小時沒有發燒,及其他症狀正在改善中。若是重症患者,則建議症狀出現後居家隔離10天至20天。

    康利8日曾表示,川普生命徵象穩定,且已4天沒有發燒、超過24小時沒有(武漢肺炎)症狀,病情沒有惡化跡象。由於10日是川普確診第10天,康利當時預期,川普屆時就能安全恢復公眾活動。

    另一方面,拜登陣營10日、在拜登赴賓州舉辨競選活動前,宣佈拜登的檢測結果維持陰性。10日稍早,拜登在拉斯維加斯的競選活動上,批評川普帶病舉行集會的計劃。他指,川普政府對使用口罩的寬鬆態度,是魯莽行為,同時表明「 除非川普戴口罩且保持社交距離,否則不會與川普同場露面」。(國際中心/綜合外電、中央社報導)

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    川普在白宮南草坪的陽台上,向群眾發表演說。他強調會擊敗中國病毒。

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    川普在白宮南草坪的陽台上,向群眾發表演說。

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    川普在白宮南草坪的陽台上,向群眾發表演說。

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    川普在白宮南草坪的陽台上,向群眾發表演說。

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    川普在白宮南草坪的陽台上,向群眾發表演說。

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    川普在白宮南草坪的陽台上,向群眾發表演說。

     

    ◆ 川普痊癒了?白宮御醫公布最新病毒檢測結果

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    美國總統川普10日進行染新冠後首場公開活動,並摘掉口罩,外界關注他是否已經痊癒,不過白宮醫療團隊始終不願證實他的病毒檢測結果是否已經由陽性轉為陰性,10日公開的最新備忘錄僅表示川普「已不具備傳染風險」。(圖/美聯社)

    川普御醫10日宣布,川普的新冠病毒檢測結果顯示他「已不具備傳染風險」,不過仍不願證實川普是否已經轉為陰性。

    美國總統川普感染新冠肺炎後,昨(10)日進行首場公開活動,並摘掉口罩,外界關注他是否已經痊癒,不過白宮醫療團隊始終不願證實他的病毒檢測結果是否已經由陽性轉為陰性,昨日公開的備忘錄僅表示川普「已不具備傳染風險」。

    綜合美國《國會山莊報》(The Hill)、路透社報導,白宮昨日公開川普御醫康利(Sean Conley)針對川普最新身體狀況的備忘錄,指出川普「已經不具備新冠病毒傳染風險」。

    康利在備忘錄中指出,「今晚我很高興地宣布,總統不只符合CDC不需要隔離的安全標準,今天早上的新冠病毒PCR(聚合酶連鎖反應)檢測也顯示,按照目前的標準,他再也不會被視為對他人有傳染風險。」

    同時,病毒檢測也指出,「再也沒有證據顯示病毒會主動複製。」

    川普2日宣布感染新冠肺炎,住院4天後返回白宮繼續治療,白宮醫療團隊先前坦承,川普染疫頭2天有發高燒、血氧濃度下降等狀況,團隊更讓他使用重症患者才會使用的類固醇藥物地塞米松(Dexamethasone)進行治療,令傳染病專家擔憂川普實際病況嚴重。

    川普昨日進行染疫後首場公開活動,他摘掉口罩,站在白宮陽台上對台下數百支持民眾發表長約17分鐘的演說,引發外界關心他是否已經痊癒,以及擔憂這場活動會否淪為新的病毒溫床。

    不過白宮醫療團隊昨日仍舊未證實川普的新冠病毒檢測是否陽轉陰,只表示川普「過去24小時已經沒有發燒」,「其他症狀也已經改善。」白宮醫療團隊已經連續幾天宣布川普沒有發燒症狀。

    除了10日進行首場公開活動外,川普還計畫12日在佛羅里達州進行染疫後首場造勢活動。

    目前尚不清楚川普身上仍有哪些新冠肺炎引發的症狀,不過根據美國疾病管制暨預防中心(CDC)官網公布的指導方針,輕度至中度成人新冠患者如果已經24小時沒有發燒,他們在首次出現症狀後10天才能免除隔離,重症患者則需要更長的隔離期。

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    Memorandum from the President’s Physician October 07 ,2020

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    Memorandum from the President’s Physician October 08 ,2020

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    Memorandum from the President’s Physician October 10 ,2020

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    Memorandum from the President’s Physician October 12 ,2020

     

    ◆ 川普確診後首場公開活動,摘下口罩對數百名支持者談話,白宮卻不公布總統篩檢結果

    簡恒宇 2020-10-11 23:02 https://www.storm.mg/article/3101044

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    2020年10月10日,美國總統川普進行確診後的首場公開活動(AP)

    「首先,我感覺很棒,我不知你們怎樣」,確診染疫的美國總統川普日前自醫院返回白宮,10日首度進行公開活動,現身白宮「杜魯門陽台」對數百名支持者談話,雖然白宮說是總統官方活動,川普發言卻充斥選舉語言,並提及刑法制度問題,試圖吸引黑人選票。另外,白宮未公布川普近期篩檢是否為陰性。

    篩檢結果是否陰性成謎

    川普2日推文宣布自己感染武漢肺炎(新冠肺炎),隔日住院治療後,5日就出院回到白宮,時隔5天後首次公開現身,白宮則發布備忘錄稱,總統醫師康利(Sean Conley)認為川普已符合美國疾管暨預防中心(CDC)標準,無須繼續隔離,且依據「現行標準」,川普也不再有傳播病毒的風險。

    這份備忘錄是在川普現身白宮杜魯門陽台(Truman Balcony)後發布,但未提及川普近期篩檢是否為陰性,僅稱「超過24小時」沒有發燒,且利用「先進診斷檢測」後,川普體內病毒已無「活躍複製」跡象,不過沒說明何謂「先進診斷檢測」。部分醫衛專家質疑,不可能確診10天後就不再是帶原者。

    美國政治網媒《Politico》指出,白宮與康利僅宣布川普9日接受篩檢,就是不公布何時篩檢呈陰性,且自川普出院以來,白宮就未公開每次篩檢結果。美國有線電視新聞網(CNN)則稱,康利的最新說詞,可能是在為川普重啟造勢活動做準備,試圖以此降低大眾對川普傳播病毒的疑慮。

    為重啟造勢活動做準備

    另外,川普確診後的首次公開現身活動,白宮稱是總統官方行程,但川普當成小型造勢,他向聚集在南草坪的500人強調自己狀況很好,且約15分鐘的談話沒有出現咳嗽或喘氣聲,而他在拆下口罩時,被拍到右手背貼有繃帶,推測可能是靜脈注射點。

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    2020年10月10日,美國總統川普進行確診後的首場公開活動(AP)

    白宮把這場南草坪的聚會稱作符合法律與秩序的「和平集會」,參與者是非裔保守派人士歐文斯(Candace Owens)發起的「黑人退出民主黨」(Blexit)運動成員。這場活動要求參與者戴口罩,並有測量體溫和填寫基本問卷,但現場沒有維持好社交距離,有些人在活動中拿掉口罩。

    美聯社稱,川普幕僚堅持他重啟例行活動很安全,而美國防疫重要操盤手、美國國立過敏與傳染病研究院(NIAID)主任佛奇(Anthony Fauci)說,依據CDC標準,距離發病日10天後,幾乎無傳染力,而據康利的紀錄,川普是10月1日出現感染症狀。

    超級傳播事件還會上演?

    儘管鮮少有康復的感染者再次確診案例,但CDC建議繼續戴口罩、維持社交距離和其他防疫措施,不過川普向來拒戴口罩,尚不清楚他重啟造勢活動後,是否會遵循此建議。《Politico》稱,川普談話內容與過往造勢相同,抨擊民主黨和郵寄投票,強調他的行政團隊抗疫表現良好。

    川普還說要提出「更好的」健保計畫,但未多加說明,同時指責刑法體制問題,試圖以此拉攏黑人選民。川普9月26日在白宮玫瑰花園(Rose Garden)舉行準大法官巴雷特(Amy Coney Barrett)提名儀式後,而包括川普有至少7名與會者之後確診,被媒體稱為「超級傳播事件」(superspreader event)。

     

    ◆ Trump keeps things brief in first public address since hospitalization

    The president delivered a truncated stump speech from the White House balcony to supporters packed below.

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    President Donald Trump addresses a rally in support of law and order at the White House on Saturday in Washington. | Samuel Corum/Getty Images

    By CAITLIN OPRYSKO

    10/10/2020 03:27 PM EDT https://www.politico.com/news/2020/10/10/trump-white-house-speech-coronavirus-428516

    President Donald Trump on Saturday made his first public appearance since returning from a three-day hospitalization due to coronavirus, addressing hundreds of Black and Latino supporters crowded together on the White House lawn.

    “First of all, I'm feeling great. I don't know about you,” Trump told the estimated audience of 500 who, despite wearing masks, were packed together below the Truman Balcony where he spoke. According to a person familiar with the event, more than 2,000 guests had been invited.

    Trump kept his comments to the cheering crowd shorter than usual, speaking for less than 17 minutes a day after going for nearly two hours on a talk radio show. The event, billed by the White House as a “peaceful protest” for law and order, was organized by right-wing activist Candace Owens and her group Blexit.

    The relatively brief speech touched on all of the main points of Trump’s stump speech — despite the White House insisting it was an official event rather than a political one — with Trump attacking Democrats, running through the latest polling data and recapping his first debate with Democratic nominee Joe Biden and this week’s vice presidential debate.

    The speech was tailored slightly to include an emphasis on criminal justice issues, and Trump’s plans to boost Black Americans.

    But otherwise, the president mounted his usual attacks against mail-in voting, lauded his administration’s coronavirus response and again teased a “much better” health care plan that he has yet to release.

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    President Trump invited over two thousand guests to hear him speak just a week after he was hospitalized for Covid-19. Only several hundred attended the president's address on Saturday. | Samuel Corum/Getty Images

    The event on the South Lawn on Saturday was the first since Trump gathered dozens in the Rose Garden two weeks ago to announce his choice of Judge Amy Coney Barrett for the vacancy on the Supreme Court.

    Though it’s unclear where Trump contracted coronavirus, at least eight people who attended the announcement have since tested positive, leading the nation’s top infectious diseases expert to decry it as a “super spreader” event. Since the announcement, more White House aides, Trump’s reelection campaign manager and members of the White House press corps also tested positive.

    For Trump’s speech on Saturday, guests were only screened for Covid-19 with a temperature check and “brief questionnaire" — but not a test.

    At the same time, critical details of Trump’s health remain shrouded in mystery.

    His doctors and the White House have declined to reveal when the president’s last negative test was before announcing his diagnosis early last Friday. They have similarly refused to say whether Trump has received a negative test since then, leaving open the possibility that Trump is still contagious, or whether Trump suffered any lung damage as a result of his bout with the respiratory disease.

    Even as those questions remain, Trump is set to resume traveling for the campaign, announcing rallies on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday this week as Election Day draws nearer.

    In his speech on Saturday Trump appeared healthy, delivering his remarks without coughing or sounding winded. Close-ups of the president taken by press photographers showed bandaging on his right hand, potentially at the spot of insertion of an IV.

    After about a quarter of an hour, Trump bid the crowd farewell with a plea for them to get out and vote, thanking them and sending them off with an “I love you” before turning and heading back into the White House without putting his mask back on.

     

    ◆ Dying in a Leadership Vacuum

    Covid-19 has created a crisis throughout the world. This crisis has produced a test of leadership. With no good options to combat a novel pathogen, countries were forced to make hard choices about how to respond. Here in the United States, our leaders have failed that test. They have taken a crisis and turned it into a tragedy.

    The magnitude of this failure is astonishing. According to the Johns Hopkins Center for Systems Science and Engineering,1 the United States leads the world in Covid-19 cases and in deaths due to the disease, far exceeding the numbers in much larger countries, such as China. The death rate in this country is more than double that of Canada, exceeds that of Japan, a country with a vulnerable and elderly population, by a factor of almost 50, and even dwarfs the rates in lower-middle-income countries, such as Vietnam, by a factor of almost 2000. Covid-19 is an overwhelming challenge, and many factors contribute to its severity. But the one we can control is how we behave. And in the United States we have consistently behaved poorly.

    We know that we could have done better. China, faced with the first outbreak, chose strict quarantine and isolation after an initial delay. These measures were severe but effective, essentially eliminating transmission at the point where the outbreak began and reducing the death rate to a reported 3 per million, as compared with more than 500 per million in the United States. Countries that had far more exchange with China, such as Singapore and South Korea, began intensive testing early, along with aggressive contact tracing and appropriate isolation, and have had relatively small outbreaks. And New Zealand has used these same measures, together with its geographic advantages, to come close to eliminating the disease, something that has allowed that country to limit the time of closure and to largely reopen society to a prepandemic level. In general, not only have many democracies done better than the United States, but they have also outperformed us by orders of magnitude.

    Why has the United States handled this pandemic so badly? We have failed at almost every step. We had ample warning, but when the disease first arrived, we were incapable of testing effectively and couldn’t provide even the most basic personal protective equipment to health care workers and the general public. And we continue to be way behind the curve in testing. While the absolute numbers of tests have increased substantially, the more useful metric is the number of tests performed per infected person, a rate that puts us far down the international list, below such places as Kazakhstan, Zimbabwe, and Ethiopia, countries that cannot boast the biomedical infrastructure or the manufacturing capacity that we have.2 Moreover, a lack of emphasis on developing capacity has meant that U.S. test results are often long delayed, rendering the results useless for disease control.

    Although we tend to focus on technology, most of the interventions that have large effects are not complicated. The United States instituted quarantine and isolation measures late and inconsistently, often without any effort to enforce them, after the disease had spread substantially in many communities. Our rules on social distancing have in many places been lackadaisical at best, with loosening of restrictions long before adequate disease control had been achieved. And in much of the country, people simply don’t wear masks, largely because our leaders have stated outright that masks are political tools rather than effective infection control measures. The government has appropriately invested heavily in vaccine development, but its rhetoric has politicized the development process and led to growing public distrust.

    The United States came into this crisis with enormous advantages. Along with tremendous manufacturing capacity, we have a biomedical research system that is the envy of the world. We have enormous expertise in public health, health policy, and basic biology and have consistently been able to turn that expertise into new therapies and preventive measures. And much of that national expertise resides in government institutions. Yet our leaders have largely chosen to ignore and even denigrate experts.

    The response of our nation’s leaders has been consistently inadequate. The federal government has largely abandoned disease control to the states. Governors have varied in their responses, not so much by party as by competence. But whatever their competence, governors do not have the tools that Washington controls. Instead of using those tools, the federal government has undermined them. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which was the world’s leading disease response organization, has been eviscerated and has suffered dramatic testing and policy failures. The National Institutes of Health have played a key role in vaccine development but have been excluded from much crucial government decision making. And the Food and Drug Administration has been shamefully politicized,3 appearing to respond to pressure from the administration rather than scientific evidence. Our current leaders have undercut trust in science and in government,4 causing damage that will certainly outlast them. Instead of relying on expertise, the administration has turned to uninformed “opinion leaders” and charlatans who obscure the truth and facilitate the promulgation of outright lies.

    Let’s be clear about the cost of not taking even simple measures. An outbreak that has disproportionately affected communities of color has exacerbated the tensions associated with inequality. Many of our children are missing school at critical times in their social and intellectual development. The hard work of health care professionals, who have put their lives on the line, has not been used wisely. Our current leadership takes pride in the economy, but while most of the world has opened up to some extent, the United States still suffers from disease rates that have prevented many businesses from reopening, with a resultant loss of hundreds of billions of dollars and millions of jobs. And more than 200,000 Americans have died. Some deaths from Covid-19 were unavoidable. But, although it is impossible to project the precise number of additional American lives lost because of weak and inappropriate government policies, it is at least in the tens of thousands in a pandemic that has already killed more Americans than any conflict since World War II.

    Anyone else who recklessly squandered lives and money in this way would be suffering legal consequences. Our leaders have largely claimed immunity for their actions. But this election gives us the power to render judgment. Reasonable people will certainly disagree about the many political positions taken by candidates. But truth is neither liberal nor conservative. When it comes to the response to the largest public health crisis of our time, our current political leaders have demonstrated that they are dangerously incompetent. We should not abet them and enable the deaths of thousands more Americans by allowing them to keep their jobs.

     

    ◆ Leading medical journal blasts Trump's 'astonishing' failure in pandemic response, says to vote him out

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    (Image: © Shutterstock)

    The New England Journal of Medicine, one of the most prestigious medical journals, called the U.S. response to the pandemic an "astonishing" failure and called for leadership change in the upcoming presidential election, in a passionate editorial published on Thursday (Oct. 8).

    "This crisis has produced a test of leadership," the editors of the journal wrote. "Here in the United States, our leaders have failed that test. They have taken a crisis and turned it into a tragedy." The U.S. has reported more COVID-19 cases and deaths than any other country since the start of the pandemic, with 7.5 million cases and 211,917 deaths, according to the Johns Hopkins COVID-19 dashboard.

    The death rate in the U.S. is more than double that in Canada, almost 50 times that in Japan, a country that has a "vulnerable and elderly population," and almost 2,000 times that in lower middle-income countries such as Vietnam, according to the editorial.

    Related: Coronavirus live updates

    "Our current political leaders have demonstrated that they are dangerously incompetent," the editors wrote. "We should not abet them and enable the deaths of thousands more Americans by allowing them to keep their jobs." The U.S., a country that "came into this crisis with enormous advantages," from manufacturing capacity to a biomedical research infrastructure to incredible expertise in public health, health policy and biology, "failed at almost every step" of its pandemic response, trailing far behind other nations such as New Zealand, the authors wrote.

    The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) has only published four editorials in the recent past that were signed by all of its editors, and has never before weighed in on political races, according to CNN. It is not a political journal "but the issue here is around fact, not around opinion," co-author Dr. Eric Rubin, editor-in-chief of NEJM told CNN. The editors did not specifically endorse a candidate, but they're not the first scientific organization to take a political stance against the Trump administration. In September, Scientific American published an editorial endorsing Former Vice President Joe Biden as a presidential candidate.

    What went wrong

    Though the U.S. had "ample warming," when the virus first arrived, testing was delayed and officials failed to provide even basic personal protective equipment to the general public or healthcare workers, the editors wrote. What's more, the U.S. was slow and inconsistent in putting quarantine and isolation measures in place and placed little effort in enforcing them, the editors wrote. Rules on social distancing in many places have been "lackadaisical at best" and leaders have made mask-wearing a political issue, the editors wrote.

    The government "appropriately invested heavily" in vaccine development but "its rhetoric has politicized the development process and led to growing public distrust," the editors wrote. Now, nearly 50% of the public say they wouldn't get a COVID-19 vaccine if it were to be available today, according to the Pew Research Center

    U.S. leaders have chosen to ignore and criticize experts, and have rather turned to uninformed "opinion leaders" who "obscure the truth," the editors wrote. The federal government has largely left the disease response to governors, who don't have tools that the federal government has. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), once the world's leading disease response organization has been "eviscerated," The National Institutes of Health, who have played a key role in vaccine development, have been excluded from crucial government decision-making and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been "shamefully politicized," the editors wrote.

    This failure of the U.S. response has "exacerbated the tensions associated with inequality," as communities of color have been disproportionately affected by the outbreak, children have missed the opportunity to go to school during "critical times" of their social and intellectual development, the hard work of healthcare professionals has been squandered and disease rates have prevented many businesses from reopening, they wrote.

    "Anyone else who recklessly squandered lives and money in this way would be suffering legal consequences. Our leaders have largely claimed immunity for their actions," they wrote. "But this election gives us the power to render judgment. "

    Originally published on Live Science. 


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